Frequently Asked Questions
What is Hernia surgery?
Hernia surgery is also known as Hernia repair surgery. It is a surgical procedure which involves either placing the displaced tissues in their original positions or a mesh over the weak region of the muscle. Hernioplasty is a type of Hernia repair surgery where the mesh is placed and Herniorrhaphy is a hernia repair surgery where the tissues are pulled back to their original positions. Hernia surgery helps in
- Relieving the severe pain
- Returning the displaced tissues to its original position
- Strengthen the weaken areas of the muscle
There are different methods of hernia repair surgeries and most common methods of surgeries are
- Tension repair
- Open tension-free repair
- Laparoscopic tension-free repair
Different type of Hernia are:
- Inguinal Hernia
- Umbilical Hernia
- Epigastric Hernia
- Hiatal Hernia
- Giant abdominal wall Hernia
- Incisional Hernia
- Femoral Hernia
What are the advantages of Hernia surgery?
The following are the advantages of Hernia surgery
- Minimally invasive repair surgery
- Requires shorter recovery time
- Reduced risk of nerve damage
- Low reoccurrence rate of hernias
- Can be done under local anesthesia
What are the indications of Hernia surgery?
Indications for Hernia Surgery are the following:
- Long term Hernias that cause pain and discomfort
- Large Hernias
- Groin Hernia
- Abdominal Hernia
- Severe abdominal pain and vomiting due to hernia
- Hernias that cause nerve pain due to pressure
What is the preparation for Hernia surgery?
- Before the surgery, your doctor may order some preoperative examinations such as blood tests, EKG, and X-Ray
- You will be advised to stop taking some medications for a week or 10 days prior to the surgery
- You may be asked about your past medical and medication history
- The severity of the Hernia may be examined by your doctor
What are the different methods and steps involved in Hernia Surgery?
Generally, Hernia surgery is of two methods and they are:
- Open Surgery
- Laparoscopic Surgery
- In open surgery, you will be receiving either a local or general anesthesia
- After you are sedated, the surgeon will make small incisions or cuts to open the area of the skin where the hernia is formed
- Then, the surgeon will gently push the hernia into its original place or in few cases, the hernia will be cut off or tied off
- Later, the muscle area where the hernia is pushed through will be closed by stitches
- If the Hernia is large, then the surgeon will place a flexible mesh for support and helps to keep hernia from coming back
- In Laparoscopic surgery, you will be receiving general anesthesia
- As soon as you are sedated, your abdomen will be inflated with the help of harmless gas. This will help your surgeon to look at your organs clearly
- Then the surgeon will make small incisions near the hernia
- A tube that consists of a tiny camera at the end of it will be used to take images. This tube is called a laparoscope
- By using the laparoscope, your surgeon will repair the hernia
- After repairing the hernia, all the incisions made will be closed
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Hernia surgery?
- After the surgery, you will be taken to the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit
- You will be monitored carefully until the sedation stops working
- You may feel pain at the site of the incision
- If the pain is severe and persistent, take the medications prescribed by your doctor
- swelling and discoloration around the incision may develop and disappears in the recovery process
- The wound should be kept dry until the healing process begins
- Any activity that causes pain and stress at the incision site such as bending, heavy lifting, vigorous activities should be avoided
- You will be advised to eat fiber-rich food items to avoid strain during difficult bowel movements.
- You will be scheduled to meet your doctor after 1 week to remove the stitches
Who can perform Hernia surgery [Right specialist type for Hernia surgery]?
Hernia surgery can be performed by
- Any General Surgeon who successfully performed several Hernia Repair surgeries
- An experienced Gastroenterologist
What is the cost of Hernia surgery?
Cost of Hernia Surgery depends on factors such as:
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- Age of the patient
- Area of the body to be treated
- The medical condition of the patient
- Method of surgery planned to be performed
- Post-surgical complications that are involved
- Type of Hospital
- The admission room that you opted for
The minimum cost for Hernia surgery may be Rs.15,000
An average cost for Hernia surgery may be Rs.67,000
The maximum cost for Hernia surgery may be Rs. 2,00,000
Is Hernia surgery major surgery or minor surgery?
Hernia surgery may be a major procedure as it involves replacing the displaced tissues or structures into their original position and strengthens the weakened muscle area.
What is the eligibility criteria for Hernia surgery?
People who can undergo Hernia Surgery are:
- Individuals suffering from large Hernias
- People with severe abdominal pain and discomfort
- Individuals who are having a Hernia with disturbed daily activities
- Pain in the groin region due to Hernia
- Individuals with multiple sever Hernias
What is the ineligibility criteria for Hernia surgery?
People who cannot undergo Hernia Surgery are:
- Individuals who are having Hernia which is not displaced
- People whose muscle area where the Hernia is formed is strong enough for not protruding it out
- People with minor Hernia and that is not growing
What are the risks and complications associated with Hernia surgery?
Following are few risks and complications of Hernia surgery
- Reoccurrence of Hernia
- The build-up of fluid under the skin
- Difficulty while urinating
- Infection at the site of surgery
- Mesh rejection
- Tissue, organ, or structure damage
How long does it take to complete Hernia surgery?
Hernia surgery takes almost 1 hour to complete the procedure and sometimes it may take more than the usual time depending on the medical condition of the patient and the severity of the Hernia.
What is the recovery time?
Most of the people who undergo Hernia Surgery will be discharged from the hospital on the same day of the surgery. However, recovery time is about 3 weeks, and in a few cases, it may take 6 weeks to recover.
What is the success rate of Hernia surgery?
The success rate of Hernia surgery depends on the following factors:
- Age of the patient
- The medical condition of the patient
- Type of surgery performed
However, the success rate of Hernia Surgery may be 93%.
Is Hernia surgery painful?
Every surgery comes with a certain level of pain and some discomfort. You won't be experiencing pain during this process because you will be under local or general anesthesia. There may be some pain and discomfort after the procedure.
Is Hernia surgery Permanent?
In most cases, Hernia Surgery is permanent and helps in not displacing the tissues or organs from their original position.
What are the long-term results of Hernia surgery?
Long term results of Hernia Surgery are:
- Reducing the chances of Hernia
- Maybe long-lasting groin pain
- Nerve damage
Can Hernia surgery be detected in the future?
Hernia Surgery may be detected in the future due to the presence of scars that are formed after the surgery.
What are the options if Hernia surgery fails or not successful?
If Hernia Surgery fails or not successful, then a revision of Hernia Surgery will be done by your doctor.
What are the alternatives for Hernia surgery?
If an individual is diagnosed with any type of Hernia then the only option to treat it is Hernial Repair Surgery. Although in a few cases, non-surgical treatment can be recommended by your physician such as
- Wearing a corset