1. What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease that leads to airflow obstruction in the swollen lungs. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are most common forms of COPD.
2. What are the symptoms associated with COPD?
COPD is usually distinguished by the following symptoms:
- Chest tightness
- Production of sputum
- Fatigue or weight loss
3. What are the causes of COPD?
The causes of COPD are as follows:
- Air pollution, dust, smoke, chemicals
- Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency
4. How is COPD diagnosed?
COPD is diagnosed by
- Careful assessment of signs/symptoms and medical history
- Physical examination
- Chest x-ray
- CT scan
- Pulmonary function test
5. Is COPD same as asthma?
COPD is not same as asthma. In asthma, there is normal breathing in between the attacks whereas in COPD, breathing does not return to normal and symptoms are more severe than asthma. Asthma has an allergic aetiology, whereas COPD is mainly caused by smoking.