Fungal Infection: Symptoms,Types, and Treatment



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What is a fungal infection?

A fungus is a primitive organism and the fungi can live everywhere in the air, in the soil, on plants and in water. Some fungi are helpful, while others harmful.

Fungal infections, caused by harmful fungi are very common and are not very serious if they are diagnosed quickly and correctly and treated. However, where fungal infections are concerned, once treated, reinfections can easily occur, as fungi can be a tad difficult to kill.

How does fungal infection occur?

Because fungal spores are often present in the air or in the soil, one can inhale the spores or they can land on a person. Thus fungal infections often start off in the lungs or on the skin.

People with weak immune systems are very prone to fungal infections.

Examples of fungal infections include:

  • tinea pedis (athlete's foot)
  • tinea corporis (ringworms)
  • yeast infection
  • onychomycosis (fungal infection of the toenails)
  • tinea versicolor (fungal infection of the skin)
  • tinea cruris (jock itch)

Who is prone to fungal infection?

Those who are prone to fungal infections include:

  • people with weakened immune systems such as children, elderly people, people suffering AIDS, HIV infection, cancer, diabetes
  • people with a genetic predisposition toward fungal infections
  • people who sweat a lot since sweaty clothes and shoes can enhance fungus growth on the skin
  • people who come in contact with a person suffering from a fungal infection
  • people who frequent communal areas with moisture, such as locker rooms and showers, since fungi require moisture to grow and reproduce
  • people who are obese as  they have excessive skin folds


What are the causes of fungal infection?

Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candida or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes, such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton.
Fungal infection occurs when the fungal spores come into contact with the skin or are inhaled.

What are the symptoms of fungal infection? How is fungal infection diagnosed?

The symptoms of various kinds of fungal infections are as follows:



Diagnosis


For fungal infections, you can consult a general practitioner or a dermatologist. Doctors usually diagnose the infection by scraping scaling skin off of a person and inspecting it under a microscope for evidence of any fungus.

What is the treatment for fungal infection?

For fungal infection, the doctor will treat you based on the type and of fungal infection, you suffer from, and also the severity of the condition. He may prescribe topical anti-fungal medication and oral drugs. Most fungal skin infections can be treated with over-the-counter or prescription creams.

For severe cases however the doctor may require additional methods.

Would you like to consult a doctor for Fungal Infection ?

Patient Experiences

Rajeev Ranjan
Effective Treatment for Fungal Infection
I visited to doctor for the fungal infection treatment which affected my face v badly.*** ********* **** * **** * ********* ******** ***** ******* ** **** ** ** *** ****** * ** ****** These medicine proved panacea for my skin.I already consulted others doctor but result not so effective.Mam heard all my queries reated to skin allergy very gently n clear doubts very softly n friendly way.i can say she is really True doctor.***** * * ****** ****** **** ******* *** ****** *** *** **** ** ***** ******** fee is also v reasonable.Hatts off.. such Doctor really. .i suggest everyone to consult if you have skin problems....Read Less
Doctor in this story :Dr. Shruti Gupta
Panache Skin Care
Mr Naveen kumar S
Itchings Vanished With Treatment
I consulted Dr.Parthasarathi at CMH and I got good results with his treatment. I had itchings on my groin, underarms,legs, scalp for over two years and I had neglected this initially and later it became severe. With his treatment my itchings have totally reduced but lesions on my legs have not improve much. As Doctor said I have two different skin issues,for the second problem I am still under treatment but I am very satisfied that I have no itchings anywhere. I thank Doctor wholeheartedly and recommend him to all....Read Less
Doctor in this story :Dr. Parthasarathi Dutta Roy
Dr.Parthasarathi's Hair and Skin Hospitals
Piyush Oruganty
Fungal Infection Vanished In A Week
The whole experience right from booking the appointment till final payment was very smooth. I did not have to wait even an extra minute beyond my scheduled time. The doctor gave me a lot if time to understand the problem and also explained the diagnosis to me in detail. Not many doctors do that. Along with the medicines, she also briefed me on precautions to avoid recurrence. The staff were also polite and clinic was clean. I would recommend the doctor to others as well. Piyush. ...Read Less
Doctor in this story :Dr. Karuna Soni
Allure Aesthetics Clinic

Questions answered by trusted doctors

Verified User
I'm suffering from vaginal itch, rectal itch, lower back pain and sometimes white discharge. Did a stool test which says plenty gram negative bacilli and plenty gram positive bacilli, few gram positive budding yeast cells seen, culture showed candida kefyr. Actually it all starts with lower back pain and pain near and slightly below the button on the right side. Ever since I started taking triphala churna, I see a lot of white specks in my stool, some big and small. Even after taking antifungals I see them in stool. My itching worsens after passing stool. I was put on antifungals itraconazole 200 mg twice daily for 8 days, ketoconazole 200 mg twice daily for 5 days, and now on fluconazole 150 mg twice daily for a week. Recent course of antibiotics worsened my problem (was given hifen lxx and ciplox tz) I'm fearing if I have intestinal candidasis along with vaginal candidasis? What tests can be done to check for intestinal yeast overgrowth and how is it treated. Please help
Dr. Vijyaben Patel
Obstetrician, Ahmedabad
Hi, I think you consumed more then enough Ante fungal drugs. To my patient I will treat with local antifungal for about 2 months and Tab Albendazole 400mg once a week for two weeks to be chewed and secnil DS 2 tab state, with anti inflammatory. Wait for week and give Metrogyl 400 three times a day for5 days if required.
Verified User
Hello sir,
I ve affected with ringworm..I consulted dermatologist & he suggested a course of med ..I completed d course & it got cured too..but after a month it started again.kindly suggest d med that ll cure it completely..I forgot d prescription so asking for u r help...
Dr. Venu Kumari
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
keep the ring worm area dry and use keto  dusting powder, can not prescribe without diagnosing and seeing the previous prescription
Ask health queries and get free answers from doctors in 24 hrs

Did you know?

An emerging epidemic of fungal infections

Dermatologists across India have warned of “an epidemic of fungal infections” that even the strongest antifungal creams are failing to treat.

Recurrent fungal skin infections

A host of fungal skin infections have turned recurrent, relapsing soon after the drug dosage is over.

Sale of topical steroids in India

The sale of topical steroids accounts for 82 per cent of the topical dermatology market.

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Home Remedies

Apply Apple Cider Vinegar

Dilute apple cider vinegar with an equal amount of water, and then apply it externally on the affected skin. Leave it on for 30 mins and then wash the area off with warm water.

Apply Crushed Garlic

Crush two garlic cloves and add a few drops of olive oil to create a paste. Apply the paste on the affected areas and leave it on for 30 minutes. Wash off with warm water.

Apply Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil has natural antifungal compounds. Apply tea tree oil on the affected area and you can let it remain. Apply it twice a day.

Apply Turmeric

Turmeric is a well-known natural antiseptic, antibiotic and antifungal agent.Apply the juice of raw turmeric root on the affected skin area. Leave it on for two to three hours, and then rinse off with lukewarm water.
Book an appointment with a General Physician