Dr. Venkat Ratnam Attili is a senior consulting Dermatologist who has nearly 40 years of clinical experience practicing as a dermatologist. His main interests include acne and pigmentary disorders (vitiligo and melasma). He spent the formative years of his career in Zambia and Zimbabwe; and, was instrumental in establishing the dermatology department at the Lusaka University Hospital. A lot of his time in Africa was dedicated to studying syphilis which was endemic during that time.His main research interest at the moment is vitiligo and lichen sclerosus. He has spoken on these topics at a number of international meetings and conferences as an invited/guest speaker. He has also served as a referee for a number of international dermatology journals. PUBLICATIONS : 1. Attili SK, Attili VR. Reply: Histopathology and immunohistochemistry of depigmented lesions in lupus erythematosus. J Cutan Pathol. 2010 Dec;37(12):1261-2.2. Attili SK, Attili VR. Lichen sclerosus of lips- A clinical and histopathologic study of 27 cases. International Journal of Dermatology. 2010; 49 (5): 520 – 5253. Attili,V.R & Attili, S.K. Lichenoid inflammation in vitiligo – A clinical and histopathologic review of 210 cases. International Journal of Dermatology 2008, 47: 663–6694. Attili,V.R & Attili, S.K. Vitiligoid Lichen sclerosus: A reappraisal. Indian J. Dermatol.Venereol.Leprol. 2008; 74:118-115. Attili, S.K & Attili, V.R. Keratoacanthoma centrifugum marginatum arising in vitiligo: A case report. Dermatology Online Journal. 2006, 12 (2)6. Ratnam, A.V., Sastry, P.B., Satyanarayana, B.V. Ascorbic acid and melanogenesis. British journal of dermatology. 1977; 97 : 201-204.7. Hira, S.K., Attili, V.R., Kamanga, J., Mkandawire,O., Patel, J.S., Patel, M.I. Efficacy of gentamicin and kanamycin in the treatment of uncomplicated gonococcal urethritis in Zambia. Sex.Trans. Diseases. 1985;12: 52-54.8. Hira, S.K., Attili, V.R., Bhat, G.J. Early congenital syphilis ( Review). Med. J. Zambia .1983; 17: 4-8.9. Attili, V.R., Hira, S.K., Dube, M.K. Acral nodular lichenification in Zambians-an artefact. Med J.Zambia .1982;16: 80-210. Attili, V.R., Hira, S.K., Dube, M.K. Schistosomal genital granulomas: a report of 10 cases. Brit. J. Venereal diseases.1983; 59: 269-72,11. Pedersen, N.S., Sheller, J.P., Ratnam, A.V., Hira, S.K. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for detection of immunoglobulin M to nontreponemal and treponemal antigens for the diagnosis of congenital syphilis. Journal of clinical microbiology.1989; 27: 1835-40,12. Perine, P.L., Totten, P.A., Holmes, K.K., Sng, E.H., Ratnam, A.V., Widy-Wersky, R, Nsanze,H., Habte-Gabr, E., Westbrook, W.G. Evaluation of a DNA-hybridization method for detection of African and Asian strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in men with urethritis. The Journal of infectious diseases. 1985, 152: 59-6313. Ratnam, A.V., Haworth, A., Hira, S.K. Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in children. East African medical journal.1983; 60: 636-639.14. Ratnam, A.V., Patel, M.I., Hira, S.K., Mulenga, R.C., Ellison, R.H. Sulphametrol/Trimethoprim (Lidaprim) in the treatment of gonorrhoea in men. East African medical journal.1982; 59: 737-741.15. Ratnam, A.V., Chatterjee, T.K., Mulenga, R.C. Sexually transmitted diseases in pregnant women in Lusaka. Med. J. Zambia.1980;14: 75-78.16. Ratnam, A.V. Sexually transmitted diseases in Lusaka. Med. J. Zambia. 1980; 14: 71-74.17. Ratnam, A.V. Advances in dermatology: 1--Leprosy immunology. Med. J. Zambia.1979, 13: 76-8.18. Ratnam, A.V. Advance in dermatology II. Immunopathology of pemphigus vulgaris. Medical journal of Zambia.1980 Feb-Mar, VOL: 14 (2), P: 30-32.19. Ratnam, A.V., Din, S.N., Hira, S.K., Bhat, G.J., Wacha, D.S., Rukmini, A., Mulenga, R.C. Syphilis in pregnant women in Zambia. Brit. J. Ven. Diseases. 1982; 58: 355-358.20. Hira, S.K., Ratnam, A.V., Sehgal, D., Bhat, G.J., Chintu, C., Mulenga, R.C. Congenital syphilis in Lusaka-I. Incidence in a general nursery ward. East Afr. Med. J. 1982; 59: 241-246.21. Bhat, C.J., Ratnam, A.V., Chintu, C., Mulenga, R.C. Congenital syphilis in Lusaka-II. Incidence at birth and potential risk among hospital deliveries. East African medical journal. 1982; 59 : 306-310.22. Bhat, G.J., Hira, S.K., Ratnam, A.V., Sehgal, D., Chintu, C., Mulenga,R.C. Congenital syphilis in Lusaka-III. Incidence in the neonatal intensive-care unit. East African medical journal.1982; 59: 374-37823. Ratnam, A.V., Patel, M.I, Hira, S.K., Mulenga, R.C. Penicillin and spectinomycin in treatment of gonococcal urethritis. Sexually transmitted diseases. 1982; 9: 135-137.24. Ratnam, A.V., Patel, M.I., Mulenga, R.C., Hira, S.K. Penicillinase-producing gonococcal strains in Zambia. Observations on treatment failures. British journal of venereal diseases. 1982; 58: 29-31.25. Ratnam, A.V, Jayaraju-K. Skin diseases in Zambia. British journal of dermatology.1979;101: 449-453.26. Ratnam, A.V., Naik, K.G. Epithelioid sarcoma-a case report. British journal of dermatology.1978; 99: 451-453.27. Ratnam, A.V. Toxic epidermal necrolysis. Five case reports of unusual presentation in Zambians. British journal of dermatology. 1978; 99: 271-277.