Diagnostic Tests

Von Willebrand Factor


Von Willebrand Factor

Also known as Von Willebrand Factor Blood
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What is this test?

The von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a multimeric adhesive glycoprotein that is important for platelet-platelet and platelet-vessel hemostatic interactions. In addition, plasma VWF serves as a carrier protein for coagulation factor VIII, stabilizing its procoagulant activity. VWF circulates in the blood in 2 distinct compartments; plasma VWF mainly reflects VWF synthesis and release from vascular endothelial cells, and platelet VWF (about 10% of the blood VWF) reflects VWF synthesis by bone marrow megakaryocytes with storage primarily in the alpha granules of circulating platelets. VWF antigen measurement assesses the mass of plasma VWF protein, but does not reflect VWF functions or platelet VWF. The major function of VWF (mediating platelet-platelet or platelet-vessel interaction) is most commonly assessed by measurement of plasma ristocetin cofactor activity. Increased VWF antigen may be seen in association with:-Pregnancy and/or estrogen use -Inflammation (acute-phase reactant) -Exercise or stress -Liver disease -Vasculitis -Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/hemolytic uremic syndrome Decreased VWF antigen may be seen in:-Congenital von Willebrand disease -Acquired VWD that may be associated with monoclonal gammopathies, lymphoproliferative disorders, autoimmune disorders, and hypothyroidism. von Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen measurement is most effective when it is combined with measurement of VWF ristocetin cofactor activity and factor VIII coagulant activity, preferably as a panel of tests with reflexive testing and interpretive reporting. Within this context, VWF antigen measurement can be useful for: -Diagnosis of von Willebrand disease (VWD) and differentiation of VWD subtype -Differentiation of VWD from hemophilia A (in conjunction with factor VIII coagulant assay)

Also known as VWF Blood, VWF.

Test Preparation

No special preparation is needed for Von Willebrand Factor. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing Von Willebrand Factor. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.

Understanding your test results

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groups55 - 200%
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