Vitamin B5 Blood test is used to measure the Vitamin-B5 levels in the blood.
What is Vitamin B5?
Vitamin B5 is also known as pantothenic acid, which is a form of B complex vitamin. It is a water-soluble vitamin and found in many foods such as meat, egg yolks, milk, yogurt, grains, avocados, legumes, or green leafy vegetables, etc. It is also available as dietary supplements. The body requires adequate levels of Vitamin B5 for energy production. It helps in lowering high blood pressure, reducing bad cholesterol, lowering high blood sugar levels, preventing nerve damage and heart failure. It also helps to maintain healthy hair, skin, and eyes. Therefore it is advised to take adequate Vitamin B5 rich food or supplements on a regular basis.
Why this test is performed?
This test is performed to determine moderate to severe Vitamin B5 deficiencies. Deficiency of Vitamin B5 in the body may affect the overall health. Vitamin B5 deficiency mainly occurs in individuals who do not include Vitamin B5 riched foods in their diet. Signs and symptoms of Vitamin B5 deficiency are a weakness, headaches, depression, sleeplessness, stomach pain, vomiting, muscle pain, and burning feet, etc.
This test is one among many tests in the Vitamin B profile. The doctor may ask you to perform this test to screen or detect moderate to severe Vitamin B5 deficiencies. You may also be advised to perform this test if you have a family history of Vitamin B5 deficiency conditions or if you experience any symptoms of Vitamin B5 deficiency conditions.
If you have a family history of Vitamin B5 deficiency conditions, your doctor may ask you to perform this test on a 6-monthly basis or a yearly basis. Individuals who are diagnosed with anemia or any other Vitamin B5 deficiency conditions should perform this test on a regular basis as instructed by the doctor.
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Blood Serum. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Blood Serum.
You may need to fast (without eating anything) for a whole night or for 6 to 8 hours before this test. However, follow all the instructions given by your healthcare provider.
If the test result falls in the normal reference range, you have adequate levels of Vitamin B5 and hence, no medical intervention is necessary.
If the test result falls below the normal reference range, it may indicate moderate to severe Vitamin B5 deficiencies. Deficiency of Vitamin B5 in the body may cause signs and symptoms such as weakness, headaches, depression, sleeplessness, stomach pain, vomiting, muscle pain, and burning feet, etc. Poor nutrition intake or lack of nutrients (malnutrition), or lack of proper absorption of Vitamin B5 through small intestine due to Chrons disease (a disease condition of intestine) may also cause low Vitamin B5 blood levels.
Individuals with poor appetite and who consume alcohol on a regular basis also may show decreased Vitamin B5 blood levels. Low Vitamin B5 blood levels may also be seen in individuals who are receiving dialysis and take water pills. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may have decreased Vitamin B5 blood levels.
If the test result falls above the normal reference range, it may indicate Vitamin B5 toxicity. This is not very common and may occur due to the intake of high doses of Vitamin B5 supplements. High Vitamin B5 levels in the blood may cause diarrhea and increase the risk of bleeding.
If you have higher or lower than normal levels of Vitamin B5 levels in the blood, consult your doctor for further instructions. Based on the test results, your doctor may advise you appropriate medical treatments, lifestyle modifications, or further diagnostic tests.