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STD Testing

Also known as Std Panel
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What is this test?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are often due to infections transmitted during sexual contact from one person to another person. They are also called venereal diseases or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The individual may have sexually transmitted disease without knowing it, most of the STDs do not show symptoms. Hence it is often termed as sexually transmitted infections because the infection is present without having disease symptoms. If the STDs are untreated they may lead to severe health problems like damage of organs, cancer, infertility, damage to the organs, blindness, etc.

STD panel includes : HIV test Elisa, Anti Hepatitis C Virus(Anti HCV)Total, Herpes Simplex Virus II IgM,IgG. Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAG), Treponema Pallidum Antibody (TPAB), Treponema Pallidum Haemagglutination (TPHA)test, Anti chlamydia IgM,IgG test.

HIV test Elisa :

HIV is the abbreviated form of human immunodeficiency virus. As the name indicates it is a viral infection which leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS can be caused due to either HIV-1 or HIV-2 infection. The virus replicates and spreads all over the body, mostly it gets spread into lymph nodes and spleen. In most cases, the HIV infection remains asymptomatic in early stages of the infection. During this asymptomatic stage, the virus replicates and increases in the number and starts destroying CD-4 cells. For about 3-8 weeks the immune system produces antibodies to fight against HIV and the HIV viral load decreases and the symptoms cannot be seen but the infection remains. Hence it is important to detect the infection as early as possible so that the treatment can be started. This HIV infection can be treated but not cured.

Treponema pallidum test:

The bacteria which causes syphilis is Treponema pallidum. The stages of syphilis include Primary syphilis, secondary syphilis, and tertiary syphilis. Primary syphilis is the early stage of syphilis which starts around 2-3 weeks after the infection. In this stage, painless sores appear at the site of exposure to the infection like vagina, penis, mouth, anus or rectum. These sores are usually called chancres. If primary syphilis is not healed and left untreated then secondary syphilis may develop. It may occur within 6 weeks to 6 months after the chancre formation. In this stage, the symptoms include fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, tiredness, rashes without itch is found on the hands and feet which is reddish brown in color. If secondary syphilis is also left untreated it converts to latent stage i.e tertiary syphilis. In this stage the symptoms are absent but the infection persists. This stage may last for years. This stage if left untreated may damage your organs and lead to numbness, dementia (loss of memory), problems with your eyes, unable to control muscle movements and may even lead to death.

Chlamydia antigen and antibody test:

This test is used to, measure the levels of chlamydia antibodies in the blood. Chlamydia is one of the most commonly found bacterial, sexually transmitted infection and maybe lead to serious complications like the pelvic inflammatory disease in women, infertility, increased risk of tubal pregnancy which may be fatal if left untreated. This infection is associated with mucous membranes of the urogenital system, eye, and upper respiratory tract. Early detection of this infection is very important to avoid long-term complications and also to prevent the infection from spreading to the other parts. This infection is most common in the age groups of 15-24 years. Most people with this infection do not exhibit symptoms or may experience mild symptoms. The transmission of this infection is mostly through sexual contact with the infected partner. It may be oral, anal or vaginal.

Why is this test performed?

This test is very important for a sexually active person because most of the STDs do not exhibit symptoms. This test is also important in individuals with multiple partners, heterosexual men or having unprotected sex. This may be recommended to you if experience any of the above conditions or if you are already diagnosed with one of the STDs and to check the status of the other infections. In cases of pregnancy, you are recommended to undergo this test because there are chances of passing the infection to the baby at the time of chithe ldbirth. In case of men if these infections are not detected at the early stages it may lead to infertility.

How often is this test performed?

If you are sexually active then this test is recommended once a year. If you are previously diagnosed with any of the STDs then you should repeat this test frequently (3-6 months).

Precautions:

If you get positive test results then inform your partner about it and ask he/ she to undergo the test.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your STD Testing. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for STD Testing.

No specific preparation is required for this test.

Understanding your test results

The reference range may vary depending on the gender, age, health history, your condition, etc.

If your test results show positive for any of these tests, then it may indicate that you are affected with that particular infection.

If your test results show negative for any of these tests, then it may indicate that the infection is absent in your body. The antibodies cannot be detected for several weeks after the exposure to bacteria. Hence repeat the test after a few weeks for confirmation.

If you get abnormal test results, consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may recommend other tests depending on your test results.

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groupsAntigen is present in case of an infection
UNISEXAll age groupsAntibodies are present in case of an infection
UNISEXAll age groupsAntigen is present in case of an infection
UNISEXAll age groupsAntibodies are present in case of an infection
UNISEXAll age groupsAntigen is present in case of an infection
UNISEXAll age groupsAntibodies are present in case of an infection
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