Cancer marker profile (Prostate) Turbidimetric Immunoassay Blood is used to detect whether an individual is having prostate cancer or not.
What are Prostate and Prostate cancer?
The prostate is a gland located between the penis and the bladder. It secretes a fluid that nourishes and protects the sperm. Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men. Inflammation in the prostate is known as prostatitis.
What are PAP and PSA?
A tumor marker is a substance produced by the body in the presence of cancer or cancer itself can make tumor markers. Some of the tumor markers are specific to one cancer and some are seen in different types of cancers.
Prostatic acid phosphatase PAP is an enzyme that is produced by the prostate. It is found in high levels in men who are having prostatic cancer. It is also elevated in other disease conditions.
Prostate Specific Antigen PSA is a protein produced by the prostate. If an individual is having prostate cancer or enlarged prostate then the PSA levels will be increased.
Why this test is performed?
This test is performed to find whether an individual is having prostate cancer or not. Your doctor may ask to perform this test if you experience any signs and symptoms such as difficulty in urinating, blood in semen, bone pains, erectile dysfunction, frequent urination etc.
This test is recommended by the physician to check the effectiveness of the treatment for prostate cancer. This also helps the physician to plan the treatment for an individual who is having prostate cancer.
Pathology Test Parameters: This test includes the following parameters:- PAP and PSA.
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Cancer Marker Profile (Prostate) Turbidimetric Immunoassay Blood. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Cancer Marker Profile (Prostate) Turbidimetric Immunoassay Blood.
No specific preparation is required for this test. However, follow all the instructions given by the healthcare provider.
The normal reference range may vary depending on gender, age, health history, etc.
If your test results show high levels of PAP, PSA than the given normal reference range, it may indicate that the person is most likely to have prostate cancer and also indicates that the treatment is not working well.
If your test results are lower or in the normal range, it may indicate that the person is unlikely to have prostate cancer and also indicates that the treatment is working well.
Based on the test results, your doctor may advise appropriate medical treatments, lifestyle modifications, or further diagnostic tests.
|UNISEX||All age groups||0.5-1.9 U/L|
|UNISEX||All age groups||< 4ng/ml|