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1. What is rubella?
Rubella is a viral infection that is contagious and is also known as three-day measles or German measles. A red rash is a characteristic feature of this infection.
2. What are the symptoms of rubella?
In children, the symptoms of rubella are mild and thus, not easily recognisable. Typical symptoms are- a fever of 102 F or lower, redness in eyes, headache, enlarged and painful lymph nodes at the base of the skull, behind the ears, the back of the neck, runny nose, and a skin rash that begins on the face and spreads to the abdomen, and limbs before disappearing in the same order of appearance.
3. What causes rubella?
Rubella is a contagious disease. When an infected person coughs or sneezes the virus can pass from that person to another. Spreading of infection due to contact with the respiratory secretion, such as mucus, of an infected person and also via the bloodstream from pregnant women to their unborn children.
4. How is rubella diagnosed?
A red rash is the characteristic feature of rubella infection. But it can occur in other viral infections as well. Usually, rubella is diagnosed with the help of laboratory tests such as blood test or viral culture. Various kinds of rubella antibodies are detected in the blood by these tests.
5. What do the doctors prescribe for the management of rubella?
Usually, symptoms of rubella are mild, so treatment is not required. Acetaminophen is given for mild fever and aches. Extra care needs to be taken if a woman gets rubella infection during pregnancy. Isolation from others, especially pregnant women, during the infectious period is highly recommended. Hyperimmune globulin antibodies are given to pregnant mother.