1. What are the symptoms of malaria?
Symptoms of malaria include
- fever, chills, headache
-muscle pain, fatigue
-abdominal pain, cough
2. What causes malaria?
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasite. The parasite is transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito. Risk factors include people living in endemic areas, and children and pregnant women, as well as their unborn children.
3. How is malaria diagnosed?
Malaria is diagnosed clinically by signs/symptoms and physical examination. Other tests include
-Microscopic examination of blood films
-Antigen-based rapid diagnostic tests
-Polymerasechain reaction test
4. How will the doctor treat this condition?
Various antimalarial medications are artemisinins, lumefantrine, amodiaquine, mefloquine, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, and primaquine. Complications like cerebral malaria require intravenous artemisinins, management of high fevers and seizures.
5. Can i get malaria again if I had it once already?
Yes, you can get malaria even if you had it once already. There are some types of malaria parasite which can persists for years and cause relapses. Malaria can recur periodically if proper treatment is not done as there are 4 variants of the parasite that causes the infection.