Hormones are the most critical chemical messengers in the body, and they are involved and required for all-important cellular function such as body growth, sexual development, blood sugar regulation, appetite control, bone growth and metabolism. An endocrinologist is a trained specialist who can diagnose and treat the disorders related to the endocrine glands and hormones.
An endocrinologist can be consulted for all medical conditions related with hormonal imbalance such as diabetes, osteoporosis, infertility, menopause, thyroid issues, obesity and related metabolic disorders, the issues with height and weight, and some cancers. The main aim of an endocrinologist is to restore the hormonal balance in the body. An endocrinologist can accurately diagnose the hormonal disorder based on a diagnostic test and offers a treatment, which may include hormonal injections, hormonal tablets or other medications that can balance the hormonal disorders.
Types of specialisations: Several sub-specializations of endocrinology include Paediatric endocrinology, Comparative endocrinology, study of endocrine disruptive chemicals, and Thyroid endocrinology.
The normal consultation fee of an endocrinologist can vary between Rs. 400/- to Rs. 800/-. The other expenses include cost for diagnostic tests, cost of hormones and medications, and charges for the hospital stay. All these charges vary with hospitals and depend greatly on the treatment duration.
Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common lifestyle related disorders. An endocrinologist can help in accurate identification of the disorders (type 1 or type 2) and suggests a treatment accordingly.
Endocrine Gland Cancer: An endocrinologist can help in the diagnosis and management of cancer-related to the endocrine glands, such as cancer of adrenal, pituitary and parathyroid glands. A patient may work with both an endocrinologist and an oncologist for an effective management of the cancers.
Growth Disorder: Growth disorders include short stature, delayed puberty, an early puberty, gigantism, certain genetic disorders like Turner`s syndrome and Klinefelter`s syndrome. An endocrinologist can provide the complete diagnosis and treatment for these disorders.
Infertility: Any imbalance in sex hormones may lead to infertility. However, an accurate diagnosis and hormonal therapy (if required) can help in solving the issue of infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist may be consulted.
Low Testosterone: Lower testosterone levels in men can cause muscle weakness, sleep disorders, less energy, hair loss, and lower sexual desire. An endocrinologist can be consulted for issues related to the male sex hormones.