Kidney stones are caused due to the formation of hard mineral deposits within the kidney. They may be severely painful when passed from urine. These crystalline salt deposits may vary in size and may grow as big as the size of golf ball. It can be caused due to a number of reasons. Some of them are listed below:
Lack of fluid intake
Lack of water in the body can lead to improper dilution of uric acid for excretion. Urine becomes concentrated and uric acid may deposit in the kidney and cause kidney stones. Therefore, it is important to drink 2-3 liters of water every day to clear toxins from the body.
Urinary tract infections
Infections in the urinary tract that involve kidney can cause an acidic environment within the renal tubes. This acidosis may hinder the functioning of the kidney and lead to deposition of solids. This may further deteriorate kidney function. It is important to treat urinary infections as soon as possible to avoid such complications.
Many medicines used to treat migraines and seizure disorders may cause excess load on the kidney. Improper metabolism and excretion of these drugs may lead to the formation of crystals in the renal tube. Excessive use of calcium supplements can also cause accumulation within the kidney. Keep a track of medications you take and discuss with your doctor. Avoid such medications if possible.