Smoking is bad, and it is especially risky if you have diabetes.
Diabetes is an endocrine condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal. Diabetes is the inability to maintain healthy levels of glucose in the blood, giving rise to numerous symptoms that can affect the entire body thus leading to health complications. Smokers and anyone exposed regularly to second-hand smoke have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who have never smoked or inhaled. Irrespective of what type of diabetes you are suffering from, smoking makes diabetes harder to control. Quitting smoking reduces your risk of heart disease and stroke compared to a continuing smoker. The number of cases of diabetes is also rapidly increasing with each passing day.
Risk factors of smoking
1) Causes heart and blood vessel damage: Smoking and diabetes when combined can greatly exacerbate the chances of suffering many heart-related conditions such as heart attack or a stroke. High levels of glucose in the blood and smoking may cause damage to the walls of the arteries in such a way that fatty deposits can build up much easier. If this occurs, the blood vessels may get narrowed and make circulating blood much harder. When this happens to the coronary arteries a heart attack may occur. Similarly, a stroke may happen when there is not enough blood flow to the brain. High blood glucose levels may also affect the blood vessels and flow thus smoking increases the risk of suffering from a heart attack or stroke.
2) May cause respiratory diseases: Smoking can directly affect the lungs and can lead to chronic bronchitis, and other respiratory diseases. They have a higher risk of developing lung infections such as pneumonia etc and these can be especially dangerous for people with diabetes. Being sick can also raise blood sugar levels to abysmal levels.
3) Smoking can damage the eyes: People who smoke are more susceptible to a higher risk of eye diseases that include cataracts and glaucoma. Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to diabetic retinopathy and can accelerate its development to making it worse which may eventually lead to blindness.
If you are an active or passive smoker who has diabetes, one of the best ways to benefit your health is to quit smoking right away. People who have quit smoking for good have better control over their blood sugar levels. Make sure you recognize the dangers of smoking and consult your Endocrinologist doctor to learn about treatment and support options that can help you to quit for good.
Abstaining from tobacco products lowers the risk of complications from diabetes and in turn, it can help to limit the damage to organs, blood vessels, and nerves which helps to live a longer and healthier life.