Articles on milk substitute

Is Cows Milk Safe for You?

Dr. Uday Bapusaheb Pote, Orthopedist
Humans are the only mammals to drink milk from their birth to death. When we are born, our digestive system can only and only digest human breast milk. All the necessary nutrients for survival are packed into human breast milk. But that too, is sufficient only till 6 months of age beyond which it’s less useful, infact thinking that our babies will be strong if breast feeding done for longer time is not true at all. As babies dietary requirements grow, breast milk is very insufficient to provide enough nutrition and if babies take breast milk they won’t take any other food as their stomach is full.But then should we substitute with cow’s milk? What about the bone health?We all know the following:Cow’s milk is rich in Calcium. It helps in improving bone integrity. It’s a wholesome nutrition and also provides high proteins. It also has good amount of fats which is essential for children’s overall development (with doubtful use in adults). Good source of vitamin D (whole milk).Nutrition content of MilkSkim milk or low fat one cup (244gm)Calories - 103% Daily ValueTotal Fat 2.4 gSaturated fat 1.5 gPolyunsaturated fat 0.1 gMonounsaturated fat 0.7 gCholesterol 12.2 mgSodium 107.4 mgPotassium 366 mgTotal Carbohydrate 12 gDietary fiber 0 gSugar 13 gProtein 8 gVitamin A – 0%Vitamin C – 0%Calcium 30%Iron 0%Vitamin D 0%Vitamin B-6 5%Vitamin B-12 18%Magnesium 6%*Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.One Cup 244gm of Whole milkCalories 148% Daily Value*Total Fat 8 gSaturated fat 4.6 gPolyunsaturated fat 0.5 gMonounsaturated fat 2 gCholesterol 24.4 mgSodium 104.9 mgPotassium 322.1 mgTotal Carbohydrate 12 gDietary fiber 0 gSugar 12 gProtein 8 gVitamin A – 7%Vitamin C - 0%Calcium – 27%Iron – 0%Vitamin D 31%Vitamin B-6 5%Vitamin B-12 18%Magnesium 6%One cup of breast milk (just for comparison)Calories 171% Daily Value*Total Fat 11 gSaturated fat 4.9 gPolyunsaturated fat 1.2 gMonounsaturated fat 4.1 gCholesterol 34.4 mgSodium 41.8 mgPotassium 125.5 mgTotal Carbohydrate 17 gDietary fiber 0 gSugar 17 gProtein 2.5 gVitamin A 10%Vitamin C 20%Calcium 7%Iron 0%Vitamin D 1%Vitamin B-6 0%Vitamin B-12 1%Magnesium 1%*Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.So what’s the problem with milk? All looks good.Robbing you of calciumMilk is said to acidify body pH, when body tries to nullify this effect guess what is needed. It’s the calcium and the best source of calcium in our body is bones. So our bones loose the calcium just to nullify the acidity and it’s lost in the urine. Net result is negative calcium balance.Cow’s milk is for calves. It’s designed for them. Compare the above nutrition data you will see high Sodium and high proteins. Both of which is not good for calcium absorption. High sodium (Na) is responsible for acidic pH and also it competes in renal tubules for reabsorption with calcium. Also high levels of proteins increases the acidic levels in blood and thereby calcium excretion.Interesting fact is all the countries where milk or dairy products are available and taken in large quantities are the ones suffering from osteoporosis. Take for example Switzerland and the USA where average consumption of milk and dairy is 3-4 cups per day, are the ones with largest percentage of osteoporosis. On the other hand China and India where average milk and dairy consumption is less than 0.5 cups per day are the ones with less percentage of populations suffering from Osteoporosis.Milk and HeartWe know for a fact that whole milk is high in fats, which causes heart diseases.Well smoking, drinking and high sugars in diet are more dangerous that just blaming the cow’s milk. When the fat is removed from milk the remaining fats is sent to make cream, butter etc. One study showed that those who drink skim milk will get what they discarded in form of cheese, cream or butter form so net result is lost.Milk and CancerMilk and dairy products does increase the risk of cancer, esp. Breast, ovarian and prostate cancer.Cow’s milk contains Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1). Studies have shown convincing evidence between IGF-1 and breast as well as prostate cancer. Men with high levels of IGF-1 have four fold increases in chances of prostate cancer.Physicians Health Study, data of 21,660 participants found increased risk of prostate cancer who took >2.5 servings of dairy products as compared to ,0.5 servings daily.Also dairy has high content of estrogenic metabolites which increases the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Dairy product intake contributes to 60-70% estrogen content in the diet.Life after Cancer Epidemiology Study- 1893 females with early-stage invasive breast cancer, higher amounts of high fat dairy product consumption were associated with higher mortality rates. Even as low as 0.5 servings per day increased the risk significantly.Milk sugar lactose is toxic to ovarian cells. Iowa Women’s health study found women who drank more than once sup of milk per day had 73% greater chance of developing ovarian cancer than women who drank less than one cup of milk per day.Lactose intoleranceEnzyme lactase breaks down milk sugar lactose in to glucose and galactose. Nursing children have the enzyme galactase in them which breaks down or digests galactose. We lose the capacity to digest lactose as we age. Many people have mild form of lactose intolerance with symptoms like gastrointestinal distress, diarrhea and flatulence. Milk consumption in lactose intolerant individuals is avoided, if need be there are tablets available which needed to be consumed before taking in the milk.Contaminants in DairyI am talking about known or contaminants before packaging. The ones seen in the news channel people mixing oil paste and colors and God knows what else is just plain bad luck or bad governance.We all know how can a cow milk all year around? Well many ways are there, some humane and some inhumane. One of the inhumane ways is bring the calf near and before it even touches the cow take her away or put a spiked collar on the calf so it will hurt the cow and she will herself kick the calf away. Many other such inhumane ways exist. One of the humane ways is using the hormones and growth factors, which are dangerous for humans. They disturb our normal hormonal balance.Also treating infections in cows like mastitis (which is rampant) or inflammation of the mammary glands, antibiotics are used. These antibiotic traces are often found in the samples of milk and dairy products.Pesticides like dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls are contaminants known to be present in the milk. Now our 1/4th to ½ of dioxin intake is from milk or milk products. Our bodies do not have mechanisms to digest these and so they keep on accumulating which damages our immune systems, reproductive systems and central nervous systems. They are also known to cause cancer.Also plastic bags contain melamine which is dangerous for kidneys and urinary tract due to high nitrogen content. Also alfatoxins present as contaminant is carcinogenic.What is more problematic is these toxins are not destroyed on pasteurization.DiabetesWell milk consumption in infants is directly linked to type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). A 2001 Finnish study on 3000 infants showed early introduction of dairy products in diet leads to increased susceptibility to type 1 diabetes. American Academy of Pediatrics observed upto 30% reduction in type 1 diabetes in infants who avoid milk in first three months of life. They recommend no milk till 1year of age.Children and milkBreast feeding mothers on cow’s milk have colicky babies. Also, antibiotics present in the cow’s milk are passed from breast milk to the babies.Colicky babyFood allergies and chronic constipation are also linked to cow’s milk.What about calcium? From where do we get calcium?Well, now you see the above reasons are enough for me to stop drinking or giving milk to my kids.Then what about calcium? Am I propagating supplements?No. I am not. Our regular wholesome diet minus milk generally gives us 600mg of calcium. Daily requirement of calcium is 1000mg in children and adults greater than 4 years of age, 1200 in lactating and post menopausal women.Food recommendedDark green leafy vegetables- methi (fenugreek), lettuce (palak)Green peas (one small bowl)Black eyed peas (chawali) (one small bowl)OrangesJuices fortified with calciumFat free yoghurt (yes its dairy product but minus all the above mentioned contaminants)Soy milkBroccoliSalmon fishWhat to avoid-High sodium in diet. Reduce salt. Processed foodstuff is very high in Sodium.Cola drinks.Coffee in moderation. Not more than 3 cups per day.Do weight bearing exercises. Like walking or aerobic exercises or dance, weight lifting. Swimming is good for cardiovascular fitness but not for increasing calcium content in bones. Fact- One week of bed rest of just sitting and no exercises causes such a loss of calcium that requires one year of extensive or increased amount of exercise to fill in the deficit. So regular exercise is a must.Avoid smoking as capillary circulation is hampered so calcium in muscles and bones is reduced.High animal protein diet. Including protein supplements. I think Indians are already low on proteins so this statement stands true for people taking large protein supplement servings.The American society of food and drugs recommends daily intake of 3 cups of milk daily. It’s present since 1994. No updates are made since. Also, most of the research is done post-2002. So high time recommendations are upgraded.Is it the milk and dairy industry which wants us to not know the truth? Who knows?

Is Milk Harmful for Your Health?

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Recently, Harvard University scientists Dr. David Ludwig and Dr. Walter Willett published a journal in which they found “no data to support the claim that the consumption of dairy leads to better bones, weight loss, or improved health.” Most of American’s milk production is organic as compared to Indian milk production. Indian cows are mostly fed grass.Milk, curd and dairy products are an essential part of the recommended “healthy Indian diet”. Milk is considered as a complete food as it contains all six of the essential nutrients. Milk protein is of excellent quality and it promotes growth and maintenance of body tissues. Calcium and phosphorus levels in milk are also very high.Milk cream is rich in vitamin A and if that is removed as in skimmed milk, its vitamin A content becomes low. Riboflavin, a B vitamin, is present in significant quantities in milk. Fats present in milk are readily digested, as it is presented in an emulsified form. The carbohydrates of milk are lactose and it is hydrolyzed into glucose and galactose. The glycemic index of whole milk is 41 and for skim milks its 32. The glycemic load of whole milk is 5 and for skim milk is 4.Whole milk contains 4.7% carbohydrates, 4% fats, 3.3% protein and 88% water. Fats in the form of oleic, palmitic and stearic acids are present in milk. Milk protein is casein and whey protein. Milk also contains potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium chlorides and phosphates. Even though Iron is present in minute quantities, it is highly beneficial.CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) is a type of fat associated with a wide variety of health benefits, including immune and inflammatory system support, improved bone mass, improved blood sugar regulation, reduced body fat, reduced risk of heart attack, and maintenance of lean body mass. According to recent studies, you'll find yourself getting at least 75 milligrams of CLA from 1cup [250 ml] serving of grass-fed cow's milk.Dairy products are a part of our balanced diet. Milk acts as a “triple-duty food” as it provides protein, calcium and vitamin D. No matter what dairy product you’re choosing, stick to low-fat no sugar.

What Type of Milk Should You Be Drinking?

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
 Milk is the only food item that works as a standalone meal in childhood and a nutritious, leisurely beverage in adulthood. Be it lattes, tea or a tall glass, life is just not the same without a splash of pristine goodness.These days selecting edibles is mind-boggling; every item seems to have at least 5 variants, including milk. You are expected to choose between full cream, single-toned, double-toned, skimmed milk, soy milk, flavored milk and what not!This article will arm you with enough information to counter any milk-related dilemma at the store.For starters, let’s take a look at nutritional content of milk:Fat: Fat is essential for many functions in the body including but not limited to storage and provision of energy, production of hormones, protection, warmth and provision of fat soluble vitamins.Carbohydrates: They provide the body with energy required for most functions. The form of carbohydrate present in milk is called lactose.Protein: They have an active role in building immunity by creating antibodies, and conducting bodily processes, which culminate in building and repair of all tissues. It helps strengthen muscles and bones.Vitamin A: Strengthens eye muscles and vision, helps in tooth and bone development and maintaining healthy skin. It keeps deficiency diseases like night blindness at bay.Vitamin B12: Helps in the normal functioning of brain and nervous system, formation of red blood cells. Also helps in maintaining a healthy heart, curing sleeping disorders, diabetes and mental disorders.Vitamin B6: Contributes in the formation of red blood cells, metabolism of carbohydrates, healthy functioning of the brain and nervous system, and liver detoxification.Riboflavin (B2): Helps in iron absorption thereby keeping anemia at bay. Also helps in recycling body’s own antioxidants, which eliminate free radicals from the body.Learn to know more about antioxidant rich foods.Niacin (B3): Maintains heart health, lowers bad cholesterol; also helps keep the nervous system, digestive system, skin, hair and eyes healthy.Thiamine (B1): Helps in maintaining digestive health.Vitamin K: It helps in clotting of blood.Pantothenic acid (B5): Strengthens bones and joints, helps in maintaining heart health. Also helps in smooth brain function by helping in the production of neurotransmitters.Folate: Prevents anaemia and helps in development of a healthy foetus.Vitamin D: Improves absorption of calcium by the body. It regulates minerals like calcium and phosphorous in the body and prevents autoimmune diseases. Also helps in maintaining normal blood pressure and heart health.Calcium: Helps in the formation and maintenance of strong bones and healthy teeth.Magnesium: It aids in bone and teeth health, conversion of food into energy and tissue formation.Phosphorus: Strengthens bones and keeps teeth healthy. It improves kidney health as well.Potassium: Aids in maintenance of proper blood pressure and ensures a healthy heart.Zinc: Helps in building immunity in the body, growth and repair of cells, wound healing, metabolism of carbohydrates.Selenium: It helps in normal functioning of the thyroid gland, also factors in the correct functioning of the immune system, due to its antioxidant effect.Choline: It is an important nutrient, which helps with sleep, muscle movement, learning and memory. Choline helps to maintain the structure of cellular membranes, aids in the transmission of nerve impulses, assists in the absorption of fat and reduces chronic inflammation.Now that you are aware of all the nutrients and minerals that milk has to offer, it’d really help to be able to tell one type of milk from another.Full cream milk: Full cream milk, also called whole milk is usually given to children, teenagers and body builders. This milk is called so because it contains all the milk fat without adding or removing anything. It is collected from the dairy herd and it undergoes various processing techniques like pasteurization to kill potentially harmful bacteria before it reaches the general public. One glass would generally contain 3.5% milk fat, which provides about 150 calories. Full cream milk is also creamier and full of flavour. This further can be divided into two parts:Whole standardized milk: In this milk the fat is contained to a minimum of 3.5%.Whole homogenized milk: Fat globules are broken down and made to spread throughout the milk to prevent formation of the creamy layer at the top.Single toned milk: Adding skimmed milk powder and water to whole milk makes single toned milk. It has about 3% fat and minimizes body’s absorption of cholesterol from the milk. It contains almost the same nutrition as whole milk except the fat-soluble vitamins. One glass of toned milk provides around 120 calories.Double toned milk: This milk is obtained by adding skimmed milk powder to whole milk and has about 1.5% fat content. Double toned milk is ideal for those trying to maintain weight as it keeps the calorie intake under control and also helps in weight loss.Skimmed milk: Skimmed milk has 0.3% to 0.1% fat content. Though skimmed milk contains all the nutrients found in whole milk like the vitamins and minerals, it gives you just half the calories of full cream milk (around 80 calories per glass of milk). It contains slightly more calcium than whole milk and even lower levels of fat-soluble vitamins, particularly vitamin A, as this is lost when the fat is removed.Although when the fat is being removed all the fat-soluble vitamins also get removed but in most cases these vitamins are re-added to the milk to ensure they do not lose out on their nutrients.The low level of fat in skimmed milk reduces its calorie content, which reduces the energy it provides to the person having it. For exactly this reason it is not appropriate for children under the age of 5 years to have skimmed milk as they need the extra energy for growth and development. It is ideal for adults who wish to limit their fat or calorie intake.Skimmed milk has a slightly more watery appearance than other types of milk and has a less creamy taste due to the removal of fat.The calorie and nutrition breakdown of the different types of milk* is given below:*The reference milk taken here is Mother Dairy.*Water-soluble nutrients: Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphate, Iodine, Magnesium, Zinc*Fat-soluble nutrients: Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin D, Vitamin KHealth benefits of milk:Milk is rich in calcium and helps in maintaining bone density.Milk is important for nerve function, muscle contraction, and blood clotting.Milk contains sufficient amount of potassium needed for muscle activity and contractions. It helps in regulating the body’s fluid balance and blood pressure.Sodium present in milk helps in stimulating the adrenal glands and aids in preventing heat prostration or sunstroke.Milk contains vitamin A, important for regulating cell growth and integrity of the immune system and helps maintaining normal vision and skin.Milk helps in brain development and growth of body tissues. It helps to maintain healthy bones and ensure that you’re not losing bone density.It also helps prevent the risk of colorectal cancer.It helps in fighting depression.It helps in development and maintenance of healthy teeth.It helps in fighting obesity.It reduces the risk of getting diabetes.Read to know more about wonder foods for diabetes.Provides a boost of energy.Keeps the body well hydrated.Get to know benefits of drinking water.Now that you know the benefits of milk inside and out, do remember to make it a part of your steady diet.

Do You Drink Milk?

Anitha Narayanamurthy, Dietitian/Nutritionist
7500 years ago humans in Central Europe started the milk drinking habit which is followed religiously till date.The practice was started since there was not enough sunlight to produce Vitamin D unlike the other parts of the world where people could produce vitamin D with sunshine. So why do we drink milk yet? Does today's milk really have the nutrition value it has claimed to have? How good is today's milk?Milk as a matter of fact contains 49% fat and the low fat milk though doesn't have the fat is even worse. A scientific study shows the detrimental effects of milk. Milk supposedly contains about 300 mg of calcium in a cup. And the even more surprising fact is that the calcium in cows milk is barely absorbed by our body.It does more harm than good. Like most animal proteins milk acidifies our body. Calcium being an excellent neutralizing agent is required to maintain the Ph balance. The largest source of calcium in our body is the bones and hence calcium from the bones are utilized to neutralize acidity.Countries with the highest statistics for osteoporosis are the countries that consume the maximum amount of milk.Now a days to increase the milk yield, cows are given the bovine growth hormone. This is one major cause for increasing IGF-1 which is a leading cause for breast cancer. In human experiments, dairy protein has been shown to promote increased cholesterol levels (in the human studies and animal studies) and atherosclerosis (in the animal studies). The primary milk protein (casein) promotes cancer initiated by a carcinogen in experimental animal studies.No one can dispute that cow’s milk is an excellent food source for calves. This incredible food is essential to baby calves in their first few months of life, but once weaned they will never drink milk again, and that’s the same for every mammalian species on the planet. Which is why it makes no sense for us humans to be drinking it.Due to all the hormones, antibiotics and other generally scary things that gets into milk products, avoiding milk seems like a wise health choice.

Cow Milk an Elixir for Health

Dr. N.K.Chawla, Ayurveda
Milk is an essential part of the diet for many people across the world. Most humans are able to digest milk now and it has many benefits to offer. One of the easiest milks to digest is certainly cow milk. Let's take a good look at all those amazing benefits that a glass of milk can offer you:Reasons for drinking cow milk:A. Improves heart health: cow's milk consumed in moderate amounts regularly has shown to reduce the risk of heart disease. Milk contains potassium, which is effective in vasodilation, and thus helps in reducing blood pressure. This in turn, puts less pressure on the heart and lowers the chances of cardiovascular diseases.B. Bone health: this is probably one of the most touted advantages of drinking milk. Milk contains copious amounts of calcium and thus its consumption is said to be good for bones. Milk also has vitamin d, vitamin c, potassium and other nutrients that increase bone strength. Drinking milk has also been linked to lowered chances of osteoporosis.C. Improves skin health: milk and milk products have been used for a very long time in skin care products. However, drinking milk in controlled amounts will also result in better skin as it is known to be rich in nutrients, such as vitamin a, among others.D. Helps in muscle development: muscle development is very important, especially in children and for that to happen, a lot of protein is required. Milk is a great source of protein, and thus drinking it on a regular basis will help you develop muscles. Even adults who want to build more muscle mass should consume milk.E. Protects teeth: this is especially true in the case of adolescents or children, as milk can be a counter against acidic substances and thus can actually protect tooth enamel. It also good for teeth as it contains calcium and helps strengthen gums as well.F. A balanced supplement for many nutrients: milk contains a host of nutrients, which may not be provided by many of the foods you consume on a daily basis. Milk has many vitamins for better eyesight, carbohydrates for energy, protein to build muscle and is often fortified with other minerals and vitamins essential for the body.G. For Healthy Hair Growth: The proteins of milk can help you to flaunt shinier and healthier hair. The proteins of milk i.e casein and whey helps the individual in healthier hair growth. Milk proteins play an important role in making hair thicker and healthier.If there is a calcium imbalance it can definitely have an impact on the growth of healthy hair. Calcium from milk accelerates hair growth and prevents hair loss, proteins and lipids make hair roots stronger; whereas vitamins A, B6, biotin and potassium make your hair shiny, healthy and beautiful.Keratin is also an important element for hair growth; calcium is necessary in order to create keratin, and milk is full of calcium. Drinking a cup of milk daily may help dull and dry hair become healthier and thicker.

Are You Intolerant to Milk? Some Alternatives to Dairy Milk

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Milk is amongst the most nutritious beverage for all ages. It contains good amounts of calcium, protein and some other nutrients. But there are many among us who are intolerant to milk. In most cases, it means you are intolerant to lactose. Lactose intolerance is not the same as a milk allergy, which involves your immune system.Lactose is the sugar in milk. If you're lactose intolerant, a glass of milk or a bowl of creamy soup can give you intestinal trouble like cramps, gas, diarrhea, or bloating. That's because your small intestine isn’t making enough of the enzyme lactase. Lactase breaks down milk sugar so your bloodstream can absorb it well.When a person is not able to tolerate milk then one should look after the loss of nutrients by consuming other milk alternatives, which actually makeup the lost nutrients in the body. Here are some milk alternatives for those who are unable to tolerate milk.1. Soya milkSoya milk is the most popular milk alternative. Its main ingredient is soyabean. Soy milk contains no lactose since it's made from soybeans, which are naturally lactose-free. Soy milk has the most similar nutrition profile to cow’s milk, with 8 to 10 grams of protein per serving and is often fortified with calcium, vitamins A and D and riboflavin. Soy iso-flavones have been shown to be beneficial in preventing heart disease and at least 10mg per day can decrease breast cancer recurrence by 25%.2. Almond milkAlmond milk is also like cow’s milk in texture, though slightly beige in color. It tastes faintly like almonds. It may have more calcium than dairy milk, along with vitamins D and E. But an 8-ounce glass of almond milk has only about 1 gram of protein.3. Rice milkRice milk is white, like cow's milk, and thinner and sweeter than almond milk. It doesn't work as well as thicker milks in sauces and puddings. It is low in protein, like almond milk. But you can find it fortified with calcium.4. Coconut milkCoconut milk is another alternative for lactose intolerance. It is creamy like whole milk. It has little protein, though, and about the same amount of saturated fat as whole milk -- about 4 grams in a cup.If you are lactose intolerant, do try these dairy milk alternatives to makeup the loss of nutrients in body.

10 Foods to Boost Breast milk..

Ms. Raminder Kaur Deshmukh, Dietitian/Nutritionist
You just spent the last nine months worrying about what you were eating and drinking because of your baby's development and now it's nursing time so be watchful again. It is important that you maintain regular meals when breastfeeding to gain essential nutrients and also to increase breast milk levels.FOODS TO BOOST BREAST MILK ARE:WATER: Though water isn't technically the food but it's an essential aspect of ensuring you will have an adequate supply. you need to keep yourself  hydrated- 8 glasses of water intake each day is a must. In the early stages of your breast feeding it's a necessity to have a bottle of water next to where you are going to nurse.OATS: It is fantastic for building and maintaining milk supply. enjoy a hearty bowl of oats in the mug/ sprinkle them on your dishes but make sure you are eating daily.GARLIC: Adding garlic to your food not only adds flavors and make it delicious but also boosts milk supply.FENNEL: Fennel is a herb which is an excellent source in increasing the best milk. It is full of phytoestrogens. bonus for those who have upset belly or unhealthy digestion.NUTS: Sometimes being a new mom can make you feel little nuts. Take a breath, grab a hand full of nuts and enjoy a snack that will help you supply. cashews, almonds are the most popular for giving your milk a boost. They are also high in good fats and antioxidants. Many commercially available nuts are heavily oiled and salted. opt for low salt or salt-free versions if possible. SESAME SEEDS: They are not only delicious but high in calcium also but you need to get more than just a dash of seeds to help you boost your milk.GINGER: It is another widely used milk boosting food. Try it in various recipes specially mock-tails like HERBS: Herbs like fenugreek, ajwain, cinnamon and jeera are often used to increase breast milk supply. As long as you consume in small quantities they are generally considered safe for your baby.MILK:  Milk has calcium, proteins, and essential fatty acids which promote lactation and also keeps the bones of the mother healthy.GREEN LEAFY VEGETABLES: Green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, cabbage, beans. bottle gourd etc is rich in minerals, calcium, folic acid and iron which will support  breastfeeding and encourage milk production. You can make your dish more nutritious by adding these vegetables to your dals,  kneading them in dough,  adding them to soups, etc.  Adding these foods to your diet provides you with important nutrients and may gently increase your milk supply.Always watch your baby for reactions whenever you eat something. Check with your pediatrician if you have any concerns.

Can I Give Curd, Banana, Milk During Cold , Cough & Fever to My Baby?

Hemapriya Natesan
As a parent, we hear so much advice, home remedies,  tips for prevention and treatment of fever, cough and cold that bewilders a new parent and ultimately we end up doing nothing due to fear of harming our little one.Myths surrounding foods and ailments are always not true except for a few genuine home remedies.Myths associated with Cough and Cold in ChildrenDon't allow the kid outside the house if he has a cold.Do not give fruits like Banana, pomegranate, watermelon, orange and grapes.Do not give dairy products like Milk and Curd.Don't bath the child during a cold.Do not give Ragi in winter or during cold.Do not give ghee during a cold.Here are the answers to all these myths1. Can I allow my child to play outside if he has a cough and cold ?This is a very tricky question since it largely depends on the weather and the intensity of the cold and cough of the child. If you think the child has a mild cold and the weather is amicable you can send your little one to play outside for an hour or so. Please also be aware that if he has an infectious type of cold or a cough he might infect his playmates as well (this is the most common reason for contracting cold in children)2. Can I give Bananas, grapes, watermelon, oranges during cold and cough to my child?It has been programmed into our brain that "No fruits during cold and cough in Children" and many of us follow blindly. This is a myth that has been proved wrong now.It has been proved scientifically that increase in fruits rich in vitamin C are in fact protective against cold and cough in children. This doesn't mean that you stuff your children with fruits when they have, consumption of fruits in moderation is the ideal way to combat cough and cold.The fruits can be given in the first half of the day.Research articles emphasizing the protective & beneficial effects of fruits in cough and cold1. Consumption of fresh fruits rich in Vitamin C and Wheezing symptoms.2. Effect of fresh fruit consumption on lung function and wheeze in children.3. Nutrition and children's respiratory health.According to our Homeopathic Expert Dr Bhavi Mody, fruits can be safely given during cough and cold, especially fruits rich in Vitamin C.3. Can I give Milk, Curd during cold and cough for my child?In my childhood days, if I had a cold, then my mom would ban milk till I recover completely which may be weeks :-(Now this is also has been proved wrong, milk and curds can be safely given to babies and children during cold and cough.Milk consumption does not lead to mucus production or occurrence of asthma.The Milk Mucus BeliefHow to feed milk and curd to children during cough and cold - Dhvani ShahThe best way to give curd is to season it (Tadka) with jeera, curry leaves, and ginger.Ginger Powder can be added to Milk.4. Can I give Bath to my child during cold and cough, Fever?Usually, elders advice not to give baths to babies during fever, cough and cold, it may hold good if you are planning to bath with cold water. But most of us bathe our children in either hot or lukewarm water. It is absolutely fine to bath the child with lukewarm water. Not giving a bath to the child for a long duration may exacerbate infections due to poor hygiene so try to bath at least once in 2 days during cold and cough.5. Can I give my baby Ragi during cold and cough?Ragi and Bajra are good winter foods and Ragi can be given to babies and children during cough and cold.6. Can I give my Ghee during cough and cold?According to Nutritionist Dhvani Shah" Ghee is one of the most nutritious Indian foods. It is therapeutic in Nature, helps line the lungs, prevent infection, prevent a dry cough and throw out mucous from the body".Hope that helps dispel some of the most popular myths surrounding Cough and cold in childrenThis article first appeared on, India's leading parenting website.

Why Care for Milk Teeth?

Dr. Yashwanth Kumar Venkataraman, Dentist
WHY CARE FOR MILK TEETH?Good oral health is an important part of total health. Dental care and good dental hygiene is important for every child to keep their teeth and gums healthy and free from disease. This will also start a good habit for the future. Pediatric dentistry & orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry that focuses on the oral health of young people. Pediatric dentists are skilled to meet the needs of infants, children and adolescents, including persons with special health care needs.Pleasant visits to the dental office promote the establishment of trust and confidence in the child that will last a lifetime. Our goal, along with our staff, is to help all children feel good about visiting the dentist and teach them how to care for their teeth. From our special office designs to our communication style, our main concern is what is best for your child. Tooth decay or dental caries still remains the most common childhood disease. It is commonly referred to as early childhood decay and based on the severity; it is graded as mild, moderate and the severe type. It is extremely important to diagnose and treat this condition early so that there are no untoward effects in the permanent dentition.Preventing Tooth Decay Dental decay is an infection of the tooth and hence early check up can help avoid unnecessary cavities and dental treatment. Four things are necessary for cavities to form: 1) a tooth; 2)bacteria; 3) sugars or other carbohydrates and 4) time.     Keeping teeth strong, preventing bacteria from organizing into harmful colonies, healthy eating habits, and understanding the role that time plays can, to a great extent help prevent tooth decay. Importance of Primary Teeth (Baby Teeth) It is very important that primary teeth are kept in place until they are lost naturally. These teeth serve a number of critical functions.Primary teeth: Infants and Children Getting an early start in regular dental care is an important step on the road to teaching the child healthy lifetime habits. The first dental visit should occur shortly after the first tooth erupts and no later than the child’s first birthday. Beginning tooth and mouth examinations early may lead to detection of early stages of tooth decay that can be easily treated. Early visit helps the pediatric dentist to provide the parent with an anticipatory guidance that includes:Adolescents Adolescents have special needs. Appearance and self-image are very important to them. Decayed or poorly positioned teeth or jaws might make them more self-conscious. Teens also eat frequently, and unhealthy snack foods tend to become a major part of their regular diet. We provide a professional,sensitive and caring approach to restoring and guiding teeth, and teaching preventive dental health care through the teen’s high school yearsYoung People with Special Needs People with significant medical, physical, or mental disabilities often present challenges to dentists. Pediatric dentists are well trained to address their special needs and provide the best care possible. Parents guide to eruption of teethTeeth vary in size, shape and their location in the jaws. These differences enable teeth to work together to chew, speak and smile. They also help give the face its shape and form. At birth the child usually has 20 primary (baby) teeth, which often erupt about six months of age. They are then shed at various times throughout childhood. By age 21, all 32 of the permanent teeth would have usually erupted.Primary Teeth Eruption ChartPermanentTeeth Eruption ChartMaintaining these teeth by proper brushing right from the time of eruption can prevent any dental problems.Brushing technique in children: MOI technique M = Masticatory surfaces: brush with small horizontal movements.Start at the back and brush slowly towards the front. O = Outer surfaces: clean them with small circular movements. I = Inner surfaces: use small up and down movements.Flossing in childrenOnce any two of your child's teeth touch each other, it's time to start flossing. Flossing helps prevent cavities by removing plaque and food particles caught between teeth. It should be an important part of your child's dental routine.Your child should be able to floss his or her own teeth by the time he or she is 9 years old. To floss younger children's teeth, place them in your lap facing you. The technique is the same, no matter who is doing it. To floss your child's teeth: 1.Takeabout 18 inches of dental floss and wrap one end around each of your middle fingers. 2. Using your thumbs and index fingers as guides, gently slide the floss between two teeth, using a saw-like motion. 3.Once at the gum line, pull both ends of the floss in the same direction to form a C shape against one tooth. Pull the floss tightly and move it up and down against one tooth. 4.Pull the floss against the other tooth and repeat the motion. Repeat this for all of the teeth. Be sure to floss both sides of the teeth farthest back in the mouth.Use of mouth wash in childrenCare should be taken that they are not accidentally swallowed, especially by children, to avoid toxicity. Small children are not advised mouth washes, because they are not able to spit out properly. More over, most children have good gingival health.Fluoride containing mouth rinses help to prevent dental decay. They may be recommended for:1. Children having orthodontic treatment2. Children with high caries risk 3. Patients suffering from dry mouth and4. Patients who have undergone radiation therapy.FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS!1. Are milk teeth important and is it necessary to treat them? This is one of the most frequently asked questions. It is extremely important to treat the milk teeth as they serve as a scaffold for the developing permanent dentition. Treating the milk teeth will not only free the child of pain but will in turn prevent unnecessary damage to the permanent dentition and will also facilitate the eruption of the permanent teeth in their normal order and form.     In general,  yes. All children need supplemental fluoride after they are six months old to help prevent cavities. For most children,they can get this fluoride from the water they drink, if they are in an area where the city water supply has an adequate amount of fluoride in it (greater than 0.6 ppm). In certain cases where there is no fluoride in drinking water ,supplements can be given in various forms. It is in general better to have your child drink water that is supplemented with fluoride instead of giving extra fluoride drops or supplements.Too much fluoride can cause fluorosis, which is permanent white to brown discoloration of the enamel of the teeth.Sealants are usually applied to the back teeth to help protect the grooves and pits of these teeth that can be hard to clean and are prone to developing cavities. A sealant is a plastic material that is applied to the teeth, hardens, and provides a barrier against plaque and other harmful substances. Sealants should be applied to the 1st and 2nd permanent molars and appropriate premolars as soon as possible after they erupt(usually after 6 years of age).      Brush their teeth twice daily. You should help them to brush properly.      Teach them about good eating habits and minimize snacking between meals.      Do not let your child often eat foods that stick to their teeth.      Do not give your child foods and drinks that contain excessive amounts of acid and sugar frequently.      Visit a dentist for their check up every six to 12months.      Treat any dental problem that occurs promptly.