Articles on index of oral health and dental articles

Teeth Whitening

Dr. Deepak Balaji, Dentist
              Bleaching or teeth whitening is a simple, painless way to make your teeth whiter and brighter.How long does whitening last?                                                                                                                                   Teeth whitening will last for upto 12-24 months depending on the lifestyle and the type of teeth. For some people,drinking lots of coffee and red wine can cause the teeth to get darker. A combination of good dental care including brushing and flossing and regular visits to the dentist will increase the length of time that whitening can last.A top up treatment can make the teeth look beautiful.                 What are the side effects of whitening?                                                                                                                       Most people experience some kind of sensitivity either during and/or after the initial treatment.This should settle down after approximately 48 hours though.                                                                                                                                                 How Does Bleaching Work?                                                                                                                                       The bleaching gel releases oxygen into your teeth to deeply penetrate them and break down stains.The bleaching gel will be removed, and the process will be repeated 2-3times. The process will take about an hour and a half.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                When it’s complete, you’ll be amazed with how bright your teeth are!                                                                                                                                                                                    


Dr. Pankaj Rao, Dentist
A mouthguard is a protective device for the mouth that covers the teeth and gums to prevent and reduce injury to the teeth, arches, lips and gums. A mouthguard is most often used to prevent injury in contact sports, as a treatment for bruxism or TMD, or as part of certain dental procedures, such as tooth bleaching. Mouth guards are an important piece of athletic equipment for anyone participating in a sport that involves falls, body contact or flying equipment. This includes football, basketball, baseball, soccer, hockey, skateboarding, gymnastics, mountain biking — any activity that might result in an injury to the mouth.    FUNCTIONS OF MOUTHGUARDS In their book Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth, Andreasen and Andreasen8 list 8 basic mouthguard functions:(1) Mouthguards prevent laceration and bruising during impact by acting as a buffer between the soft tissues of the lips and cheeks and the teeth.(2) Mouthguards prevent tooth fractures or dislocations by cushioning the teeth from direct frontal blows while redistributing the forces of impact.(3) Opposing teeth are protected from seismic contact with each other.(4) The mandible is afforded elastic, recuperative support that can prevent fracture or damage to the unsupported angle of the lower jaw.(5) Mouthguards help reduce neurologic injury by acting as shock absorbers between the upper and lower jaws. Without a mouthguard, the trauma of the jaws violently jarring together can distribute the impact from the condyles of the mandible against the base of the skull, resulting in concussion.(6) Mouthguards can provide positive reinforcement in the prevention of neck injuries.9(7) Mouthguards provide a psychologic benefit to athletes. Findings suggest athletes feel more confident and aggressive when they have the proper protection.10(8) Mouthguards fill edentulous spaces and thereby help support adjacent teeth. This allows removable prostheses to be taken out during athletic competition.                                                                                                                                                                                               Types of mouth-guards:Custom-fitted - Built and fitted to the shape of your mouth by a related professional. These mouthguards have been proven to reduce the number and extreme harshness of mouth injuries in sport and during training.Boil and bite-once the lining is softened in boiling water, the person bites on the mouthguard to help it take the shape of their mouth. The process of biting down onto the softened lining can decrease the guard thickness and therefore its effectiveness. These mouthguards can be uncomfortable to wear. Ready-made -these are ready to wear available over the counter at sports shopsand chemists. While these are the cheapest mouthguard, they also offer the least amount of protection. They are (taking up a lot of space for its  weight) and hard to keep in the mouth due to their poor fit.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Custom made mouthguards Teeth related Health Services Victoria (DHSV) recommends custom fitted mouthguards as these provide the most effective protection.A custom made mouthguard should: Fit snugly and be comfortable Allow (usual/commonly and regular/ healthy) breathing and swallowing Allow the wearer to speak Be odorless and (having no taste/rude and offensive) Be thick enough (4mm) to provide protection against hit/effect. Caring for your mouthguard case- 1)Take the mouthguard along to your teeth-related visits to secure/make sure of it still fits correctly. A mouthguard may need to be replaced as changes occur in your mouth, such as the eruption of permanent teeth or restoration.                                                         2)Mouthguards need to be rinsed in cold water before use. After use, dry and store in a plastic  container with air vents to allow the air to circulate. 3)Once in a while, clean it with soapy water and rinse completely.4)Mouthguards should be kept in a cool place as they can distort if left in the sun or hot water. 5)Remember: Mouthguards should be worn during training sessions and match play if there is a risk of contact with another person or object including balls, bats, sticks or racquets. fig-1 custom and boil&bite mouth-guardMouth guards should ideally be replaced after each season because they can wear down over time, making them less effective. Replacement is especially important for adolescents because their mouths continue to grow and teeth continue to develop into adulthood. Many athletes who play several sports have new mouth guards made when they go for their six-month dental checkup.Summary Dentists are encouraged to ask patients if they participate in team sports or other activities with risks of injury to the teeth, jaw and oral soft tissues (mouth, lip, tongue, or inner lining of the cheeks). The council  recommend that people of all ages use aproperly fitted mouthguard in any sporting or recreational activity that may present/cause a risk of injury. 

Top 7 Myths About Children’s Teeth

Dr. Prashant Ojha
1. Baby teeth aren’t important. They are just going to fall out anyway!Baby teeth serve many important functions in your child’s development. Baby teeth are natural space maintainers for the permanent teeth. If your child loses a baby tooth too early, this could cause crowding of his/her permanent teeth. The health of your child’s baby teeth can also affect the health of their adult teeth. If you leave dental decay in a baby tooth, it could eventually cause your child pain, abscess, swelling, affect the adult tooth developing under the baby tooth, and the infection could even spread to other parts of the child’s body.2. My child has cavities because he has soft teeth.There is no such thing as having “soft teeth.” In fact, enamel (the outer surface of the tooth) is the hardest substance in the body. There are many factors that cause dental decay so it is often difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. We do know that there are three things required to cause tooth decay: bacteria, a diet for the bacteria (sugar!), and a susceptible host (the tooth).3. It’s okay to soothe your child to sleep by putting them to bed with a bottle of milk.Milk also has sugar which can ultimately cause tooth decay. Like juice, milk is okay to drink but in limited quantities. It is also best to drink milk at mealtime only so your child’s teeth don’t have prolonged exposure to the sugar.4. I can’t get my child to stop sucking his fingers/thumb!If your child has a finger habit, the goal is always to have them stop the habit. Your child’s front baby teeth will be replaced with adult teeth around this time. When the front adult teeth are erupting, you want to avoid any forces placed on these teeth so that they can erupt in their natural positions.  Dentists have many ideas to help parents fight the finger-sucking battle – so make sure to ask at your next check-up visit!5. Bottled water is just as good for your teeth as tap water.Tap water contains an important ingredient (fluoride) which has proven to strengthen the enamel of your teeth. The fluoridation ofcommunity water supplies as safe and effective for preventing tooth decay for over years. Most bottled water does NOT contain fluoride which means your child is missing out on this  for their teeth.6. I don’t need to take my child to the dentist until she starts school.There are many reasons why finding a dental home for your child is beneficial to your family. It’s important of course, tohave the dentist count and check all their teeth for cavities. It’s also important for the dentist to establish a relationship with yourchild to help allay any fears of the dentist, to help establish a preventive plan to help fight tooth decay, and to have a dentist to contactin case of a dental emergency.7. My child can brush her own teeth.Although it may appear that your child can brush his/her own teeth, most likely, they are not getting all the “hard to reach” places. In fact, children do not develop the manual dexterity needed to brush all their teeth on their own until they can write in cursive handwriting. Until then, we recommend allowing your child to brush followed by a thorough brushing by the parent.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

Importance of Maintaining Good Oral Health

 Maintaining good oral health is one of the most important thing. Everyone wants to have a great smile, which is why good oral hygiene is important. However mouth is the index of your body. Manifestations of systemic diseases are first seen in oral cavity.Oral diseases and systemic diseases are interlinked. Systemic diseases like diabetes, blood pressure, HIV etc, have impact on oral health.Maintaining oral health includes maintaining your gums and teeth.,The tooth structure is embedded in the bone supported by gums around. So improper or poor maintenance of teeth and gums can cause bone loss.Inadequate bone support leads to loosening of teeth from the tooth socket.Poor oral hygiene refers to presence of deposits in and around your gums and on teeth.These deposits are bacterial infections, composed of calcium and phosphate salts.These deposits are referred in technical term as Calculus.It s formed over a course of time when food debris on the tooth is not been cleaned properly.This leads to inflammation of gums causing Gingivitis.Bad breath, bleeding gums, salty taste are symptoms of gum disease.This eventually when left untreated leads to bone loss and tooth weakening. This condition is known as PeriodontitisPractising good oral hygiene not only refers to brushing your teeth twice daily but also flossing, avoiding tobacco and limiting sodas, alcohol, and coffee.In addition to good oral hygiene, diet also plays a key role in keeping teeth healthy.So visit your dentist 6 months once to enhance your smile.

Importance of Oral Health

Dr. Parag M. Khatri, Dentist
If your hands bled when you washed them, you would be concerned. Yet, many people think it's normal if their gums bleed when they brush or floss.Swollen and bleeding gums are early signs that your gums are infected with bacteria. If nothing is done, the infection can spread and destroy the structures that support your teeth in your jawbone. Eventually, your teeth can become so loose that they have to be extracted.What Is Periodontal Disease?"Perio"means around, and "dontal" refers to teeth. Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures around the teeth, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. In the earliest stage of periodontal disease — gingivitis — the infection affects the gums. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the tissues are involved.For many years scientists have been trying to figure out what causes periodontal disease. It is now well accepted that various types of bacteria in dental plaque are the major villains. Researchers also are learning more about how an infection in your gums can affect your overall health.Researchers are studying possible connections between gum disease and:What Causes Periodontal Disease?Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in dental plaque, the sticky substance that forms on your teeth a couple of hours after you have brushed. Interestingly, it is your body's response to the bacterial infection that causes most of the problems. In an effort to eliminate the bacteria, the cells of your immune system release substances that cause inflammation and destruction of the gums,periodontal ligament or alveolar bone. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums,signs of gingivitis (the earliest stage of periodontal disease), and loosening of the teeth, a sign of severe periodontitis (the advanced stage of disease.)Practicing good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly (about once every six months, or more often if you have gum disease) can prevent periodontal disease. Daily brushing and flossing, when done correctly, help remove most of the plaque from your teeth. Professional cleanings by your dentist or dental hygienist will keep plaque under control in places that are harder for a toothbrush or floss to reach.If oral hygiene slips or dental visits become irregular, plaque builds up on the teeth and eventually spreads below the gum line. There, the bacteria are protected because your toothbrush can't reach them.Good flossing may help dislodge the plaque; but if it is not removed, the bacteria will continue to multiply,causing a more serious infection. The buildup of plaque below the gum line leads to inflammation of the gums. As the gum tissues become more swollen, they detach from the tooth forming a space, or "pocket," between the tooth and gums. In a snowball effect, the pockets encourage further plaque accumulation since it becomes more difficult to remove plaque. If left untreated, the inflammatory response to the plaque bacteria may spread to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, causing these structures to be destroyed.Another problem is that if plaque is allowed to build up on teeth, over time it becomes calcified, or hardened, and turns into calculus (commonly called tartar). Since calculus is rougher than tooth enamel or cementum (a layer that covers the tooth root), even more plaque attaches to it, continuing this downward spiral.Using tartar-control toothpaste may help slow accumulation of calculus around your teeth, but it can't affect the tartar that has already formed below the gum line.Although bacterial plaque buildup is the main cause of periodontal disease, several other factors, including other diseases, medications and oral habits, also can contribute. These are factors that can increase your risk of gum disease or make it worse once the infection has set in.

Get Freedom From Alcohol

Dr. Swasti Jain, Dentist
Are you concerned about your alcohol intake? Maybe you feel that you're drinking too much or too often. Perhaps it's a habit you'd like to better control.It's always wise to check with your doctor — she should be able to help you decide whether it is best for you to cut back or to abstain. People who are dependent on alcohol, or have other medical or mental health problems, should stop drinking completely.HOW TO CUT DOWN ALCOHOLThere are lots of simple ways to cut down on the amount of alcohol you drink. It can help to work out if there are particular times or situations when you tend to have a drink, whether that’s a bad day at work or a weekly pub quiz tradition, and plan what you’ll say and do differently next time.Have more alcohol-free days a week. Try agreeing on certain days with your partner or a friend and help each other to stick to it.If you are planning to drink alcohol, decide on a limit in advance and make sure you don’t go over it.Swap every other alcoholic drink for a soft one – starting with your first drink.Try shandy instead of a pint of beer, or swap some wine for soda and have a spritzer.Don’t stock up on beer, wine or spirits at home.Finish one drink before pouring another, because topping up drinks makes it harder to keep track of how much you’ve had and when you planned to stop.Avoid buying drinks in rounds, that way you don’t have to keep pace with anyone.Tell a friend or partner that you’re cutting down on alcohol, they can support you – or even join you.Keep a diary of your drinking - For three to four weeks, keep track of every time you have a drink.- Include information about what and how much you drank as well as where you were. Compare this to your goal. If you're having trouble sticking to your goal, discuss it with your doctor or another health professional.     10.Don't keep alcohol in your house. Having no alcohol at home can help limit your drinking.     11.Be persistentMost people who successfully cut down or stop drinking altogether do so only after several attempts. You'll probably have setbacks, but don't let them keep you from reaching your long-term goal. There's really no final endpoint, as the process usually requires ongoing effort.

Take Better Care of Your Teeth

Dr. Ashish Vaish, Dentist
Are you wanting to do better with your dental care? Have you had problems with taking care of your oral hygiene?If so, then you’ll find this guide to be useful. Follow along and you’ll figure out what you can do to be sure that any dental problem you have is taken care of.You should always try to brush your teeth at least two times a day. When you are brushing, make sure that you are taking your time. You want to ensure that you’re doing a thorough job each time that you brush. By rushing through the process, your teeth may not be getting as clean as they need to be.Brushing your teeth two times each day is great, but you may want to brush even more often. Any time that you’re consuming foods or drinks that are sugary, you must brush for a longer time and right after you consume them so that you’re protecting your tooth enamel.Did you just break your tooth? The first thing that you need to do is get in touch with your dentist. After you get in touch with them, rinse your mouth out with warm water. Then use a cold compress on the area to reduce the swelling and decrease any pain.Take care of your toothbrush. After you finish cleaning your teeth, make sure you clean your toothbrush, too. Simply wash it off with water and place it in a toothbrush holder so that it is standing up. Putting your toothbrush in a case is not advisable because bacteria is more likely to grow that way. When you buy a new toothpaste, be sure to check the label. Any toothpaste you choose should contain fluoride. Other ingredients will more than likely include abrasive agents to whiten your teeth. If you find that the toothpaste you are using is a little too harsh, try using a gentler formula.If you notice an increase in cavities, consider taking a multivitamin. Multivitamins contain many vitamins and minerals necessary for enamel production. Enamel is the outer layer that hardens your teeth and protects them. Your diet should include a variety of sources of calcium, which is the building block of healthy teeth. Whether you buy toothpaste at a drug store or a natural food store, make sure it contains fluoride. This can boost the strength of teeth to prevent breaking, getting cavities, or other issues. When your teeth are strong, they are healthy. Try your best to stop using tobacco products. Most people are not aware that smoking can cause gum disease, which leads to tooth loss in many. If you want to raise the chances of your teeth lasting much longer, try your best to get rid of your addiction to tobacco products.Now that you’ve gone over this guide, it should be easy for you to start practising good dental care. Just be sure that you reread this guide so that you know what you’re doing. Everyone needs to worry about their dental care, so take care of any dental problems you have before they get worse.                                                                                                                                                

Oral Health for Overall Health

Dr. (Maj) Varun Nischal, Dentist
The connection between oral/dental health and overall health is well established. There are several ways in which neglected oral hygiene can affect your general health. The following are some examples:HEART DISEASE: Those with advanced gum disease/Periodontitis are at an increased risk of heart attack. The bacteria present in millions in the plaque and calculus deposits in the mouth can travel through the blood stream and cause cardiovascular problems. STROKE: Those with adult periodontitis are at increased risk of stroke.UNCONTROLLED DIABETES: Diabetes can alter the bacterial environment in the mouth contributing to overgrowth of harmful bacteria. Smokers with diabetes increase their risk of tooth loss by 20 times.RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS: Inhaling bacteria present in dental plaque through mouth and throat can lead to pneumonia and other lung conditions. PRETERM/LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS: Hormonal and vascular changes during pregnancy leads to increased inflammation/swelling of gums commonly in 2nd-8th month of pregnancy. In addition, these oral microbes can also cross the placental barrier exposing the fetus to infection.SEVERE OSTEOPENIA: Reduction in bone mass (osteopenia) is associated with gum disease and related tooth loss especially in postmenopausal women.THE SOLUTION: SIMPLE, ECONOMICAL & EASY!Brush gently twice daily for strong teeth.Floss daily (after every meal) to keep your gums healthy. Brushing does not clean the food particles stuck in between teeth and gums.Pay a visit to your dentist every 6 months to monitor any budding problem at an early stage. As it has been rightly said, "Nip the evil in the Bud."Get regular professional cleaning/scaling done (at least twice a year).Never ignore anything unusual in your mouth. Home remedies, pain killers, antibiotics do not repair tooth damage.Eat healthy, stay stress-free and love the gums you're with!

Oral Health Is A Window To Your Overall Health!

Dr. Gauri Mulay Arbatti, Dentist
Did you know that your oral health can offer clues about your overall health — or that problems in your mouth can affect the rest of your body? Understand the connection between oral health and overall health and what you can do to protect yourself.What's the connection between oral health and overall health?Like many areas of the body, your mouth is teeming with bacteria — most of them are harmless. Normally the body's natural defenses and good oral health care, such as daily brushing and flossing, can keep these bacteria under control. However, without proper oral hygiene, bacteria can reach levels that might lead to oral infections, such as tooth decay and gum disease.In addition, certain medications — such as decongestants, antihistamines, painkillers and diuretics — can reduce saliva flow. Saliva washes away food and neutralizes acids produced by bacteria in the mouth, helping to protect you from microbial invasion or overgrowth that may lead to a disease.Studies also suggest that oral bacteria and the inflammation associated with periodontitis — a severe form of gum disease — might play a role in some diseases. In addition, certain diseases, such as diabetes and HIV/AIDS, can lower the body's resistance to infection, making oral health problems more severe.What conditions may be linked to oral health?Your oral health might affect, be affected by, or contribute to various diseases and conditions, including:Endocarditis: Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of your heart (endocardium). Endocarditis typically occurs when bacteria or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart.Cardiovascular disease: Some research suggests that heart disease, clogged arteries and stroke might be linked to the inflammation and infections that oral bacteria can cause.Pregnancy and birth: Periodontitis has been linked to low birth weight.Diabetes: Diabetes reduces the body's resistance to infection — putting the gums at risk. Gum disease appears to be more frequent and severe among people who have diabetes. Research shows that people who have gum disease have a harder time controlling their blood sugar levels.HIV/AIDS: Oral problems, such as painful mucosal lesions, are common in people who have HIV/AIDS.Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis — which causes bones to become weak and brittle — might be linked with periodontal bone loss and tooth loss.Other conditions: Other conditions that might be linked to oral health include Sjogren's syndrome — an immune system disorder that causes dry mouth — and eating disorders.Because of these potential links, be sure to tell your dentist if you're taking any medications or have had any changes in your overall health — especially if you've had any recent illnesses or you have a chronic condition, such as diabetes.      4. How can I protect my oral health?          To protect your oral health, practice good oral hygiene every day. For example:Brush your teeth at least twice a day.Floss daily.Eat a healthy diet and limit between-meal snacks.Replace your toothbrush every three to four months or sooner if bristles are frayed.Schedule regular dental checkups.Also, contact your dentist as soon as an oral health problem arises. Remember, taking care of your oral health is an investment in your overall health.

Root Canal Treatment

Dr. Ashish Vaish, Dentist
Now days Toothache is common problem....                                                                                                                                 By the Root canal treatment we can save your natural tooth as well as relief from toothache        Root Canal Treatment is the most commonly done procedure in a dental clinic. It is generally indicated when the nerves and blood vessels present in the soft and innermost portion of the tooth called as Pulp are affected or infected. The most common causes for it are deep cavities extending to the pulp, traumatic fracture of teeth leading to exposure of the pulp or abcess formation under teeth as a result of trauma, biteproblems or dental cavities.                   Signs you need Root canal treatment-                                                                                                                                            1-tooth become extra senstive to cold & hot                                                                                                                               2-pressure on tooth causes great pain                                                                                                                                             3-frequent tooth & gum pain                                                                                                                                                             4-A large,visible cavity compromises the intrgrity of the tooth                                                                                             5 -Pus drains in to your mouth                                                                                                                                                           6-There is foul taste or odor near the afficted tooth even after brusging                                                                           7- Any kind of fracture tooth