Articles on eyes

For Your Eyes only...

Dr. Geetanjali Jha, Homeopath
EYE FLU OR CONJUNCTIVITIS.Eye flu or Conjunctivitis is very common during the monsoons. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the white part (conjunctiva) of the eyes. Due to inflammation, the blood vessels in the conjunctiva become enlarged, thus giving a red or pink appearance to the eyes.It is a painful condition, sometimes conjugated with the rise in temperature.There are 3 types of conjunctivitis –1) Viral –  Caused by the same virus that is responsible for common cold. It is highly contagious and spreads from person to person. The virus is air born.2) Bacterial – Caused by various types of bacteria. This is also contagious but more easily treated with the help of eye drops and care.3) Allergic –  This is a non–contagious type, as the allergens are unique to each individual. People who have allergic conjunctivitis are generally sensitive to pollen, grass, hay, dust and mites.The most occurring type during monsoon is Bacterial and Viral conjunctivitis.Symptoms and signs –Burning and irritation on eyes.Stinging of eyes.Excessive lacrimation or dryness.Sensitivity to light.Redness of conjunctiva.In later stage, there may be pus-like discharge from eyes.High temperature may be found due to inflammation.Symptoms of a common cold may be found.Myths and facts about conjunctivitis –The biggest myth is that conjunctivitis can be caused by looking into an infected person’s eyes. People, no disease spreads by mere looking. It is just a normal person suffering from eye flu, not Medusa who will turn you into stone. Conjunctivitis is air and contact borne disease.You can contract infection if you are in a swimming pool that is not clean or someone who is already infected with eye flu is also using the same pool. It is a good idea to avoid public pools during monsoons.You will not be infected if you go to a crowded market.Prevention-Do not wear contact lenses if you are suffering from eye flu.Avoid shaking hands, or sharing edibles or drinking cups with an infected person. Towels and handkerchiefs must not be shared either.It is best if the person suffering from eye flu is kept in quarantine , the infection recedes in 3 days to 1 week.If you have visited the market, handled currency notes, or shaken hands with an infected person, wash your hands vigorously for 20 seconds with soap before you touch your face and eyes and before you use your hands to touch your food.Wash eyes with cool water 3-4 times a day during the conjunctivitis season.Homoeopathic prevention Take a clean phial with a dropper, fill it with Rose-water (or distilled water) , add 1 drop of Euphrasia Q and 1 drop of Camphora Q . (1 drop each for 10 ml of rose water or distilled water) Shake the bottle. Use this as an eye drop. Make sure to have separate bottles for each family member. This eye drop can also be used if a person already has eye flu.Homoeopathic medicines for eye flu – Belladonna – The first and foremost remedy for inflammation. It is mostly indicated when there is a complete loss of lachrymation along with other symptoms. A rise in temperature is also seen.Euphrasia – When eyelids appear as if injected or ulcerated and there is excoriating discharge from the eyes. There is extreme photophobia. The patient cannot even bear the little artificial light.Graphites – Intense burning and lachrymation . There may be cracking and bleeding of the eyelids. Ulceration may be found.Home management –Keeping clean and hygienic prevents secondary infection and helps the present infection to go cure soon.Washing eyes with cool water, or applying ice packs at regular intervals. If the patient is uncomfortable with a cold application, steam fomentation may be helpful.Avoid going out of home to prevent further infection.Fight the urge to rub eyes, if there is irritation , use the eye drop mentioned above.Increase the amount of Vitamin C in your diet.Yoga for eye flu –Do at least 10 ujjai breaths, followed by 5 – 10 minutes of naadi shodhan. This process clears the energy channels and boosts vitality which helps you to fight infection more strongly.Bhrastrika pranayam also helps in getting rid of infection soon.*Warning- Self-medication , though sounds easy, may or may not work, because believe it or not, Homoeopaths go through 5.5 years of thorough study and training and only then they are eligible to prescribe medicines. One cannot hope to master that art by merely reading a few blogs or books. all fairness, the medicines here are tried and tested, but it would not be right to say that this blog is a substitute for a clinic visit. This knowledge may although, help you to rule out different possibilities.

7 Golden Rules for Healthy Eyes & Sight

Dr. Manoj Rai Mehta, Ophthalmologist
7 Good Office Habits Read and Write while sitting in a comfortable chair with a straight back and neck and a lumbar support if required.  Your hip and knee joints should bend at 90 degrees.There should be adequate direct light falling onto your books and papers coming from the front or right to left (when writing/reading in scripts that move left to right).  This prevents shadows falling on the text to be read or written.No light should be coming towards the eyes directly as it causes glare and makes it difficult to read and write.  The room should have diffuse background light and focused light at the work table.Working distance should be generally kept between 30 and 50 centimetresTop end of the computer or laptop screen should be in the line of your eyes while you are sitting erect in your seat.  you should not be looking up or down.  The ergonomic arrangement is important.There should not be any reflections on the computer or laptop screen.  No windows or light bulbs in the background, please.  Wall with matt finish paint in the background is most appropriate. Take regular breaks from near work.  Reach into an open space with fresh air; walk 20 paces, take 20 large breaths, blink completely 20 times and look beyond 20 feet.  Thus refresh yourself and get back to work. Lubricant eye drops may be used, preferably preservative free.      7 Good General HabitsRegular daily routine with adequate hours of sleep.  Sleep in a darkened room, light filtering through eyelids does not give  a restful sleep.Rinse your eyes in running water or filtered water before going off to sleep a dafter getting up in the morning.  Wash your hands thoroughly and use cup your hand to hold water and dip an eye into it and open lids.  Repeat a couple times with each eye for effective cleansing.Do not use "surma" or "kajal" on the inner side of the lid margin.  Never share kohl pencils or any makeup items that are used around eyes.Balanced diet that provides sufficient daily requirement of Vitamin A is important.  The daily requirement varies at different stages of life.  Supplementation may be required if dietary insufficiency is detected.  Food items rich in Vitamin A are - sweet potatoes, carrots, dark green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, dried apricots, tropical fruits (such as Mango), fish, liver meat etc.Avoid using eye drops from a bottle 15 days after opening and discard them when not required.  Do not try to store them in the refrigerator for future use.  Keep eye drops away from makeup area where talcum powder, perfumes etc are kept.  Keep the bottle cover on and do not touch the opening of the dropper.  Always discard first few drop of medicine when you start instilling eye drops from a bottle the next day.Remove your contact lenses immediately in case of redness, glare, frank discharge, excessive watering from the eyes, smarting or pain.  Do not ignore these signsIn case a foreign body falls in an eye, do not rub the eye or try to remove with a piece of cloth, cover it with a clean cotton pad or a sterile eye pad and report to an eye surgeon.   

Do You Have 20/20 Vision ?

Dr. Charu Tyagi, Ophthalmologist
Visual Acuity: What is 20/20 Vision?20/20 vision is a term used to express normal visual acuity (the clarity or sharpness of vision) measured at a distance of 20 feet. If you have 20/20 vision, you can see clearly at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. If you have 20/100 vision, it means that you must be as close as 20 feet to see what a person with normal vision can see at 100 feet.Having 20/20 vision does not necessarily mean you have perfect vision. 20/20 vision only indicates the sharpness or clarity of vision at a distance. Other important vision skills, including peripheral awareness or side vision, eye coordination, depth perception, focusing ability and color vision, contribute to your overall visual ability.Neural factors that limit acuity are located in the retina or the brain (or the pathway leading there). Some people can see well at a distance but are unable to bring nearer objects into focus. This condition can be caused by hyperopia (farsightedness) or presbyopia (loss of focusing ability). Others can see items that are close but cannot see those far away. This condition may be caused by myopia (nearsightedness).A comprehensive eye examination by a eye  doctor  can diagnose what is affecting your ability to see well. In most cases, your ophthalmologist can prescribe glasses, contact lenses or a vision therapy program that will help improve your vision. If the reduced vision is due to an eye disease, you may be prescribed ocular medication or another treatment.MYTH: Having 20/20 vision means that the eyes are perfect.FACT: The term "20/20" denotes a person with excellent central vision. But other types of vision-such as side vision, night vision, or color vision might be imperfect. Some potentially blinding eye disease, such as glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy, can take years to develop. During this time, they are harming parts of the inner eye, but the central vision can remain unaffected.

Healthy Eyes

Dr. Hemant Patel, Ophthalmologist
Eyes are the windows to the beautiful world around us. Therefore, healthy eyes are a part of a happy life. They enable us to enjoy our beautiful world. There are few simple steps by which you can make sure that you have healthy eyes and clear sight in your golden years. 1. Healthy DietYou can help maintain good eye health and potentially prevent some troubling eye conditions by having food rich in vitamins & antioxidants. Studies have shown that antioxidants and nutrients that are linked to a lower risk of common eye conditions include lutein, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins C and E, which are plentiful in following food items:• Carrots, green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale• Nuts, beans, eggs and other non-meat proteins such as soy• Dark pigment fruits such as blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, cherries and grapes• Citrus fruits and juices• Cold-water fish like salmon, tuna and other oily fish 2. Quit SmokingSmoking is injurious to the entire body. It causes eye damage by producing oxidative stress to eye tissues & makes you susceptible to developing macular degeneration, hasten the progress of development of cataracts and can cause optic nerve damage.3. Protect your eyesIt is important to protect our eyes from hazardous things around us. Most prevalent things around us are pollution and ultraviolet rays of sun. Wear protective glasses to prevent exposure to dust, smoke and UV radiation. Have your AC vent direct away from your eye to prevent dryness & direct wind exposure. 4. Follow proper eyecare guidelinesDo follow eye care practices at your work place. If you are using computers or other digital instruments then follow the 20-20-20 rule: Simply rest your eyes every 20 minutes by looking 20 feet in front of you for 20 seconds. This will prevent blurring of vision, dry eyes & headaches. If your workplace is too hot or has exposure to flying particles then do use protective wear.Don't self-medicate your eyes. Don't use medications available over the counter. Don't use drops available for 'REGULAR USE'. Nature has provided us with tears as a protective mechanism, so don't put drops without any indication. 5. See your Eye Specialist regularlyIt is the best way to maintain the health of your eyes. It is not necessary to have unhealthy eyes to visit an eye specialist. Have routine yearly eye check-ups to diagnose any developing disorders. Have regular vision checkups, even if you are having clear sight, especially people having Diabetes, Hypertension, Dyslipidemia & a Family History of eye diseases. 6. Take care of your overall healthExercise also helps to maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight increases your risk of developing diabetes and other systemic diseases, increasing chances of having major eye diseases.

Right Diet for the Eyes

Dr. Shreya, Dietitian/Nutritionist
We all know that our body needs food for survival. The growth and development of every organ is influenced by the diet we consume.  Similarly, the growth of eyes - the most sensitive organ of the body, depends on the food diet. Eyes are vascular and need a heart-healthy diet which is low in trans and saturated fat is important to keep the blood vessels of the eyes healthy.  Food rich in antioxidants from age-related macular degeneration known as ARMD, which is leading cause of blindness among older people.Here is the list of foods which are good for EYE NUTRITION:-FISH- Cold water fish such as salmon, tuna, and sardines etc. are rich in omega-3 fatty acids which help in protecting against dry eyes, cataracts and even macular degeneration.  Salmon is a rich source of vitamin D as well which keeps the eyes healthy.OLIVE OIL- not only olive oil is low in trans and saturated fat, many types of research have shown that the people consuming olive oil were 48% less likely to develop ARMD. Keep one thing in mind that when you are looking for olive oil in the market, choose the extra virgin for the extra antioxidant boost it provides.CORNS- the biggest contribution of the corn to human is to make the corn dyed into two golden pigment lutein and zeaxanthin. They function even better than nutrients. Also, Corns are a mine of complex carbohydrates, vitamin C, and fibre and help to protect eyes from UV rays and slow down the processes of age-related vision problems. CARROTS- Carrots and other orange coloured fruits and veggies promote eye health and protect vision because they have beta-carotene, a type of vitamin A that gives these foods an orange hue and helps retina to function smoothly. EGGS- Intake of eggs on a periodic basis help to prevent eye health related diseases like a cataract. The egg yolk can also help to reduce the thinning of Macula (the area around the pupil) that is responsible for the quality of our vision.GREEN LEAFY VEGETABLES- Spinach, kale, and other dark green leafy veggies are rich in lutein and zeaxanthin stored in the macula that acts as a natural sunblock, shielding the eye from damaging light. So eating green veggies not only helps o improve your vision but also helps to maintain it for the long term.                        Vision is the most special gift one has from the almighty. Eat healthy to maintain the health of your eyes and experience the beautiful world you are born in.                   ENJOY YOUR VISION!!! :)

Eyes- Our Most Precious Gems

Dr. Amit Vora, Homeopath
Preservation of good eyesight is almost impossible without proper eye education and mental relaxation. The quieter the mind, better is the eyesight. To ensure your eyes remain healthy, follow these instructions:General habits for eye care:Blink right: Blinking is a quick method to give rest to the eyes. Also, blinking keeps the eyes moist. The lacrimal glands which secrete tears for eyes under the eyelids , produce an antiseptic fluid that cleans the eyes. While reading, blink once in every line. Do not Stare at anything for a long time because this strains the eyes and causes an error of refraction. Keep your eyelids half closed, while reading or watching a distant object. Even while looking upwards the upper eyelids should not be raised but only the Chin should be raised. Turn your head in the direction in which you are looking. Shift your glance constantly from one point to another. Sunlight is the best source of light. However do not let the sunlight fall directly on the paper you are reading. While using electric light, see that the light comes from the back and falls on the paper. While reading: Hold the book at a distance from where it is seen best. The book or newspaper should be held under the chin so that the eyes are half closed. Move your head from side to side while reading so that the word you are reading is directly under your nose. Mentally make a note of the fact that printed matter is black and the paper is white. Blink once in every line. Read in proper light.Do not lie down and read. Also do not read in a moving vehicles . While writing: While writing, keep your attention on the tip of the pen with which you are writing. Keep blinking normally. If you want to check what you have written then stop writing and hold the paper in your hands and read as per the above instructions. But do not go on writing and reading simultaneously. While working with the Computers: See that the screen is below your eye level so that your eyes lids are half closed. Have a comfortable distance between your eyes and the computer screen. Blink regularly and normally. Do palming exercise (closing both the eyes with palms lightly without pressure on eyeballs ) for 5-10 minutes after working on the computer for an hour. Shift your glance from the computer screen to a distant objects for a 2 minutes ( while blinking) after every 30-40 minutes. Have proper lighting in the room. See that your posture is comfortable and that you are not bending too much straining your neck and the back muscles. While watching television:Sit at comfortable distance from T.V.The T.V.screen should be below your eye level. Do not lie on the stomach and watch T.V. Blink frequently and normally. Do palming exercises for 5-10 minutes after watching T.V. for an hour. Shift your glance from the T.V. screen to a distant object for 2 min after every 30-40 minutes. Have a proper lighting in the room. Diet: Include greens like palak, methi, coriander leaves, green pepper, celery, cabbage etc. And orange fruits and vegetables like carrots, papaya, mango, pumpkin etc in your diet.Have sprouted wheat, moong, matki, masoor etc at least 3 times a week. Chewing Wheat grass or juice of it is good for those having high powered glasses. Have 1.25 litre of water as soon as you get up in the morning. Do not eat or drink anything after this for an hour. This flushes the entire system and cleans the stomach. Also, do not have too much water while having food . This dilutes the digestive juices. Drink water an hour before or an hour after having food. Massage your scalp and neck with warm coconut oil once a week. Laughter therapy:Helps you to relax your body and mind. In the morning and just before you go off to sleep laugh continuously for minimum 5 minutes. If you want to do it as meditation the whole body should participate in the laughter. It should be a Belly laughter. At the end of the laughing stage do palming exercise for 5 mins. Discoveries of Dr. William Bates about Eyes:All errors of refraction of eyes are functional and curable. Mental strain creates an error of refraction and mental relaxation cures it. Myopia-distant vision problem and Hypermetropia- near vision problem can be created at will. Myopia is not caused by reading but by a strain to see distant objects.  Hypermetropia is caused by strain to see an near point. Lower degrees of error of refraction are curable , while higher degrees can be improved to a great extent. Sun treatment massages all parts of eyes. It strengthens the macula and trains the Pupils to adopt readily to light.Eyewash tones up the eye muscles. Palming gives relaxation to the eyes and the mind. Reading of fine print when done without discomfort is extremely beneficial to eyes. Games of Ball - strengthens the eye muscles and improves the accommodation  power of eyeball. Swinging and Pendulum eye exercise relaxes Spinal cord. It also develops mobility of eyes. Blinking of eyes is the quickest method to rest the eyes. Blinking and cold pack to eyes relax the eye muscles and also takes care of the effect of pollution on your eyes. Candle light reading at comfortable distance is also beneficial to eyes. Homeopathy has got a number of medicines which can give permanent solutions for a lot of eye problems like allergic eyes, refraction errors in children at early age, sties etc. Dr. Amit Vora

10 Steps to Prevent Pink Eyes

Dr. Vaibhev Mittal, Ophthalmologist
Conjunctivitis (EYE FLU/PINK EYES/SORE EYES)  is a contagious disease that causes inflammation of conjunctiva (thin clear tissue that lies over the white part of the eye). Symptoms include redness, foreign body sensation, watering and discharge with matting of lashes .Infectious forms of conjunctivitis are highly contagious, being spread by direct contact with infected people.  You can greatly reduce the risk of getting conjunctivitis or spreading it to someone else by following some simple good hygiene steps. CDC Guidelines to prevent spread of infectionWash your hands often with soap and warm water. If soap and water are not available, use an        alcohol-based hand sanitizer.Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes.With clean hands, wash any discharge from around your eye(s) several times a day using a clean, wet washcloth or fresh cotton ball.Do not use the same eye drop dispenser/bottle for your infected and non-infected eyes.Wash pillowcases, sheets, washcloths, and towels often in hot water and detergent; wash your hands after handling such items.Stop wearing contact lenses until your eye doctor says it’s okay to start wearing them again.Clean eyeglasses, being careful not to contaminate items (like hand towels) that might be shared by other people.Clean, store, and replace your contact lenses as instructed by your eye doctor.Do not share personal items, such as pillows, towels, eye drops, eye makeup, contact lenses and eyeglasses.   10. Do not use swimming poolsPeople with viral conjunctivitis may be contagious for nearly 2 weeks. Children may return to school when the redness and discharge in their eyes subsides (usually after 2 weeks). Despite taking all precautions, in case you get conjunctivitis, consult your ophthalmologist and start medicines as recommended by doctor

Have You Checked Your Eyes Lately?

Dr. Aravind P. M., Ophthalmologist
My eyes are just fine, ok! I really don't need an eye exam. Or do I?I've been wearing glasses since I was a kid. I get my power checked at my spectacle shop. Do I need to meet the eye doc?My dad has some eye problem and he's been on eye drops for a long time. Should I get my eyes checked up too?How early should I get my child's eye examined? He's stuck to the iPad all day. My husband is diabetic. He exercises regularly, takes his medications on time and never misses his doctor's appointments. Does he need to see an Ophthalmologist anyway?Sounds familiar? These questions are very common and to answer them an analogy would help. If you own an automobile how often do you pay attention to it? We get its' tyres checked regularly and get a service done twice a year. We don't wait till the vehicle breaks down completely to take it to the workshop. Your eyes are no different.The eyes are made of very complex parts which work together to provide us with the special perception of vision. Vision is an amazing phenomenon which happens with the coordination of the eye's focussing mechanisms, the sensory receptors and the transmitters to the central processing unit in the brain. Each of these parts is susceptible to damage or decay with time and abuse. Our grandparents and grand uncles may have survived without the need for visual aids like spectacles. But our needs today are different and so is our environment. We spend hours before a visual display - a computer, a cellphone or a tablet - for work and for leisure and a world without vision would be unimaginable.Some hard hitting facts which you need to knowIt is estimated that half the world's population will develop defective distant vision (Myopia) by 2050. That means 1 in 2 people will need spectacles for visionMajority of eye disorders do not give early symptoms to warn you. Once visual loss develops, treatment may be difficult and even ineffective. At the same time, appropriate treatment may prevent visual loss if the disease is detected early.Children can not recognise poor vision by themselves. They need to be screened for eye problems to ensure clear vision and visual development. Conditions like lazy eye can be treated if diagnosed before 5-7 years of age.A spectacle check alone is not sufficient to rule out other problems in the eye that may silently be damaging your vision. A qualified eye doctor alone can screen you for them. Checking your glasses is like getting your vehicle's tyre pressure checked, whereas an ophthalmologist's examination with dilatation of your pupils is a complete vehicle service. With an increase in the incidence of Diabetes, there is also an increase in the complications in the eye due to it. It can irreversibly damage vision if not treated early and appropriately.It would suffice if it is said that irrespective of your status, it would be wise to get your eyes checked by a qualified eye care professional.Our eyes are among the most hard working parts of our body and we may never realize the value of this special sense unless we lose it. Taking care of your eyes is of utmost value to our lifestyle, confidence and independence. Check early, Check yearly, See clearly