Talking openly about the symptoms of infertility in your body, there will be some chances of finding a solution to this issue. Before you go for the treatment, you should be aware of what can actually lead to infertility in men. 

There are two major causes of male infertility:

1. Physical abnormality of the male reproductive organ

2. Due to the abnormality of the male sperm

In order to determine fertility in men, a fertility specialist will conduct a semen analysis to test the number of active sperms, and their shape and activity. In the case of infertility, the sperm might not be moving in the right direction or their number may be low. You must produce healthy sperm. 

Initially, this involves the growth and formation of the male reproductive organs during puberty. At least one of your testicles must be functioning correctly, and your body must produce testosterone and other hormones to trigger and maintain sperm production. Sperm has to be carried into the semen. 

Once the sperms are produced in the testicles, delicate tubes transport them until they mix with semen and are ejaculated out of the penis. There needs to be enough sperm in the semen. If the number of sperm in your semen (sperm count) is low, it decreases the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner's egg. 

A low sperm count is fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen or fewer than 39 million per ejaculate. Sperm must be functional and able to move. If the movement (motility) or function of your sperm is abnormal, the sperm may not be able to reach or penetrate your partner's egg.