FRENKEL’S EXERCISES FOR STROKE:

1. EXERCISES FOR THE LEGS IN LYING:

Flex and extend one leg by the heel sliding down a straight line on the table.

Abduct and adduct hip smoothly with knee bent and heel on the table.

Abduct and adduct leg with knee and hip extended by sliding the whole leg on the table.

Flex and extend hip and knee with heel off the table.

Flex and extend both the legs together with the heel sliding on the table.

Flex one leg while extending the other.

Flex and extend one leg while taking the other leg into abduction and adduction.

Whether the patient slides the heels or lifts it off the bed he has to touch it to the marks indicated by the patient on the plinth. The patient may also be told to place the heel of one leg on various points of the opposite leg under the guidance of the therapist.

EXERCISES FOR THE LEGS IN SITTING:

One leg is stretched to slide the heel to a position indicated by a mark on the floor.

The alternate leg is lifted to place the heel on the marked point.

From stride sitting posture patient is asked to stand and then sit. Rise and sit with knees together.

EXERCISES FOR THE LEGS IN STANDING:

In stride standing weight is transferred from one foot to other.

Place foot forward and backward on a straight line.

Walk along a winding strip.

Walk between two parallel lines

Walk sideways by placing feet on the marked point.

Walk and turn around.

Walk and change direction to avoid obstacles.

Similar exercises can be devised for the upper limb wherein the patient may be directed to place the hand on the various points marked on the table or wall board to improve coordination of all the movements in the upper limb.

Certain diversional activities such as building with toy bricks or drawing on a blackboard, buttoning, combing, writing, typing are some of the activities that also improves the coordination.