Articles on bad

How Do You Get Rid of Bad Breath?

Dr. Hiren Patel, Dentist
Here are 3 effective tips that you can help you fight bad breath and keep your mouth healthy on a daily basis.Practice Good Oral HygieneIf you’re suffering from bad breath problems, it is important that you brush and floss twice a day. Use fluoride-based toothpaste that will help you to keep your mouth clean and remove food debris and plaque. It is also important to brush your teeth before you go to bed because bacteria can grow in your mouth while you’re asleep. It is also important that you scrape your tongue to remove any residue that may be building up after you eat your meals.Keep Your Mouth MoistKeeping your mouth moist is another way to eliminate bad breath issues which is why you need to ensure that you drink good amount of water throughout the day. Drinking adequate amount of water will help you stay hydrated as well. You can also chew sugarless chewing gums or candies that can stimulate production of saliva in your mouth to wash away food particles and bacteria. Choose chewing gums that have xylitol are always recommended.Watch What You EatCertain foods can trigger bad breath in your mouth and therefore you need to keep log of what food you eat. This will help you to narrow down certain food items that worsen your bad breath problems. Similarly, there are certain medications that also trigger mouth odour, hence it is recommended that you talk about it with your dentist. Stay away from tobacco products and avoid smoking which also leads to bad breath issues.We recommend that you visit your dentist regularly, at least twice a year to conduct an oral exam and professional teeth cleaning and to ensure that your mouth is clean and healthy. Your dentist will also be able to help you know whether the bad breath problem is due to general health conditions or triggered due to any food item or medications.

Rice - Good or Bad?

Dr. Geetanjali, Dietitian/Nutritionist
‘Is rice good or bad?’ this has been a million dollar question for the past few years.Rice is not a bad thing. But the bad thing is when we mindlessly gobble huge portions of it. A humble dal-chawal meal is so satiating, that it makes us eat slower and increases our chances of eating the right quantity. This promotes good health and proper digestion, which are the cornerstones of an accelerated metabolism.HEALTH BENEFITS OF RICE: Provides Energy:All forms of activities require energy. Carbohydrates are the quickest source of energy and rice is packed with carbohydrates. Skipping this important component in your meal will make you feel sluggish.Promotes muscle growth:Rice contains important amino acids, and when served with a meat dish, the diet is almost complete in terms of muscle mass. Rice is a good option for vegans and vegetarians seeking to develop their physique. The protein content in rice is important for muscle development and preserves lean body mass.Prevents gastrointestinal distress:Rice has low fibre content and is therefore beneficial for people suffering from diarrhoea, colitis or morning sickness. The low sodium content present in rice makes it a good choice for those with high blood pressure and kidney diseases.Other benefits:Rice has mild diuretic properties and serves as a good digestive aid and natural anti-inflammatory. The manganese component present in rice helps to boost the immune system. Thiamine present in rice is an important component for cognitive processes.RICE DIETDespite the recent negative press about rice, it still remains the staple food for most of the world’s population. Many cultures consume rice, several times a day. Though rice is produced through a refining process, which eliminates the inherent nutrition, it still provides us with various health benefits through diet. The rice that we consume is not bad, but what matters is what is served along with it. Rice is actually packed with nutrients and has more advantages over other carbohydrates.HEALTH RISKS OF EATING RICE:Rice contains high glycemic index and is considered to be a fast carb. Rice is rapidly broken down into sugar in our body. This in turn contributes to insulin resistance and glucose spikes. Studies show that consuming white rice in large quantities, five times a week increases the risk for type-2 diabetes.CONSIDERATIONS: Brown rice is low on the glycemic index and decreases the risk of diabetes when ate in moderation.White rice lasts longer than brown rice and can be stored for a longer period of time.All types of rice are low in terms of allergic risk. But white rice is a great choice for people who are allergic to wheat and wheat products.Parboiled versions of rice take longer to cook, but retain more nutrients.One serving of cooked rice has about seventeen percent of the daily allowance of carbohydrates.White rice is high in carbohydrates but low in fibre. It does not contain a large amount of vitamins or minerals and is easily digested.

Bad Breath - How to Get Rid of It

Swathi Ramana
Before going to solution for bad breath, let us see various causes for bad breath.CausesBad breath (Halitosis) may be because of various reasons. Most Important one is bad oral hygiene. Although halitosis has multifactorial origins, the source of 90% cases is oral cavity such as poor oral hygiene, periodontal disease, tongue coat, food impaction, unclean dentures, faulty restorations, oral carcinomas, and throat infections. The other reasons are multi-factorial and may be considered as non-oral sources. Non-oral sources are generally related to systemic problems and/or medications. Several extra oral diseases, including bronchial and lung infections, kidney failure, different types of carcinomas, metabolic dysfunctions and biochemical disorders, can cause halitosis. Some medications, especially those that reduce salivary flow may also be the source of this condition. Certain foods, tobacco, alcohol, gastric causes, paranasal infections, tonsillitis also cause bad breath.Halitosis of oral origin is associated with poor oral hygiene, dental plaque, dental caries, gingivitis, stomatitis, periodontitis, tongue coating and oral carcinoma. Dry mouth might also be the cause.As a dentist, I am more concerned about halitosis of oral origin.Dental and periodontal causes of bad breath include, calculus deposits on teeth, decayed teeth, partially erupted third molars, food impaction between teeth.SolutionCalculus deposits on teeth can be removed by professional scaling by a dentist. Decayed tooth have to be restored. Partially erupted third molars have to removed if there is no room or space for eruption of that tooth. Food impaction may be because of decay between the tooth or may be because of gum infection also called as gingivitis or periodontitis. So food impaction has to be evaluated for the cause and has to be treated accordingly by dentist.Simple measures that can avoid bad breath include brushing twice daily, flossing the teeth, proper tongue cleaning, use of mouth washes, visiting dentist once in 6 months and frequent water intake.

Finishing Touches - What you must know to preserve that smile!

Dr. N Srinivas, Dentist
Once you have the smile you always wanted, it's important to care of it so it stays healthy and beautiful. The effects of most cosmetic dental treatments won't last forever, but you can make them last longer, with the right care. You must remember that a great smile is only the first step toward a whole new you. If you've been unhappy with your smile, you may not have taken the time to address other aspects of your appearance that could be improved. A new smile often brings the confidence and desire to make the most of what you've got. You won't believe the difference a few small adjustments can make in your appearance, confidence, and outlook on life.Break those bad habits!If bad habits ruined your smile in the first place, they'll spoil your beautiful new smile as well if you don't break them. For example-Smoking and drinking excessive amounts of coffee and tea will stain your restorations or newly bleached teeth. Grinding your restored teeth and chewing on or holding hard objects between them can cause wear, gaps, and chips or fractures that may stain.If you want your new smile to last as long as possible, you'll need to leave your old bad habits behind.Keep your smile beautiful!Ask your dentist at every checkup if any of your restorations are showing signs of wear. Keep in mind that your restorations are made to support your enamel, so when they wear, your enamel may fracture. Worn restorations may also lead to discoloration and loss of tooth contour.7 Signs you need to replace a restorationIt's discolored, and you find it esthetically unappealing.It has cracks or chips, and the remaining tooth structure isn't protected.It's no longer fitting well or is "leaking."It's showing signs of wear.You're experiencing sensitivity.Restoration isn't compatible with your gum tissue.There are microcracks adjoining the restoration.

7 Easy Things You Can Do to Get Rid of Bad Breath

Dr. Umesh Pai, Dentist
Brush and floss regularly.Plaque on your teeth, collects bacteria that cause bad breath.  Trapped food around the gums also adds to the problem.Brush your teeth at least two times each day, and floss at least once. If you're concerned about your breath, do both a little more often.Don't overdo things, though. If you brush too hard you can wear down the enamel on your teeth , making them vulnerable to decay.Use Mouth rinse.Besides freshening your breath, A mouthwash adds extra protection by getting rid of odour producing bacteria. A good mouthwash used well could be the game changer. But be sure the mouthwash you choose kills the germs that cause bad breath. Don't just cover up the smell. Rinse daily with a good mouthwash and stop bad breath at its source.Scrape your tongue regularly.The coating that normally forms on your tongue can be a host for smelly bacteria. To get rid of them, gently brush your tongue with your toothbrush. Newer brushes have tongue scrapers on the dorsum of the brushes which help in gently and effectively cleaning the tongue of its debris.Avoid foods that ruin your breath.Onions and garlic are the biggest offenders. But brushing after you eat them doesn't help.The substances that cause their bad smells make their way into your bloodstream and travel to your lungs, where you breathe them out.The best way to stop the problem? Don't eat them, or at least avoid them before you go to work or see friends.Don't smoke.Besides causing cancer, smoking also damages your gums, stains your teeth, and gives you bad breath.Over-the-counter nicotine patches can help tame the urge. If you need a little help, make an appointment with your doctor to talk about quit-smoking programs or medications that can help you give up tobacco forever. Make up your mind. Sooner the better!!Skip after-dinner mints and chew gum instead.The bacteria in your mouth love sugar. They use it to make acid. This wears down your teeth and causes bad breath. Chew sugarless gum instead. Chewing gum stimulates saliva, which is the mouth's natural defense mechanism against plaque acids, which cause tooth decay and bad breath. Prefer sugar free gums for the same.See your doctorIf your bad breath continues despite your best efforts, make an appointment with your doctor. He'll check to see if your problems are related to any underlying medical condition.

10 Foods to Improve Your Bad Mood

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
We all have days with bad mood where our brain decides there’s no way out of it. This natural gesture affects our productivity at work or creates an unexpected sensitive situation for our family members as well.Have you ever wanted to know the reason behind this cranky mood? Ever wondered why is it that whenever we feel upset or depressed about something we binge on our comfort food and repent later?The “Foods” which we eating on a daily basis are one of the major factors. It's time to keep a check on the things which we are eating or drinking on a daily basis.The following logics will answer all the doubts that each one of us might be living with since days, months, or maybe years.How  Can Food Affect my Mood?It is really important to explore the relationship between what you eat and how you feel. Here is an self assessment which you should first do.Are you eating regularly?                  Yes/NoDo you keep yourself hydrated?       Yes/NoAre you eating enough protein?        Yes/NoAre you having too much caffeine?  Yes/NoDo you include fruits and vegetables in your diet  Yes/NoIf Answer (1.) is No: This means your blood sugar drops which is why you feel tired, irritable and depressed. In this case your body holds on to high calorie stuff, which always worsens the condition. You should eat regularly to maintain your sugar levels. It is better to choose foods that release energy slowly such as oats and whole grains, proteins rich foods, nuts and seeds.If Answer (2.) is No: If you are not drinking enough water, you will not able to think clearly and your level of concentration will drop. Moreover you will also feel constipated. You should drink water regularly and include some good drinks like green tea, buttermilk throughout your day.If Answer (3.) is No: Protein contains amino acids which actually makes up the chemicals your brain needs to regulate your thoughts and moods. So it is always better to include good sources of protein in each meal. These could be eggs, chicken, legumes, nuts and seeds.If Answer (4.) is No: Having too much caffeine can make you depressed and anxious or disturb your sleep. You should always say no to the products that contain caffeine -Tea, Coffee, energy drinks and colas.If Answer (5.) is No: Vegetables and fruits contain vitamins and minerals that keep you physically and mentally healthy. It is important to include 2 to 3 servings of fruits and vegetables in your daily diet, not only for good mood but also for a healthy, disease free life.This assessment brings you a step closer to a solution. Work on your food habits for a happier and healthier You :)For instant gratification, here are 10 foods that are known to help improve bad mood:1.Dark Chocolates: Chocolates, in general are loaded with chemicals that enhance mood, serotonin in particular.2. Yogurt: Besides being a good source of protein, calcium and vitamin B12, yogurt also contains a whole lot of useful bacteria which keeps our immune system intact and helps our stress combating ability. Studies have also shown that yoghurt can improve fat loss. 3. Sweet potatoes: Sweet potatoes help in reducing stress levels as they satisfy the body's craving for carbohydrates and sweets.   4.Nuts: The next time you're feeling down, help yourself to some crunchy nuts.5.Water: Lack of sufficient consumption of water leads to dehydration and even a small case of dehydration can cause stress. So, drink up!6.Fish: Fish is a rich source of Omega-3 fatty acids, protein and importantly, Vitamin B 12 which is an important component for producing serotonin- also known as the happy hormone.7.Asparagus: Asparagus is rich in folic acid and also contains magnesium- both of which are popular for their mood-lightening properties8.Oranges: Oranges are a rich source of vitamin C containing up to 1000 mg of it. They also contain antioxidants which prevent the formation of free radicals that cause cell damage.9.Green vegetables: They provide stress relief, helps enhance mood with regard to depression, panic, anxiety and other emotional disorders. Many green veggies contain potassium which greatly helps calm one's nerves when stressed.10.Dried Apricots: Apricots are a rich source of natural sugars and, hence, another perfect option to beat those sweet cravings. A handful of dried apricots are bound to make you happy and healthy.

Good Carbohydrates and Bad Carbohydrates

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Over the past decade, carbohydrates have received a lot of flak. Many of the really popular low carbohydrates diets like Atkins diet and South Beach diet have condemned bad carbohydrates, creating what we call Carbophobia. We feel sorry for carbohydrate-rich foods. All they’re trying to do is provide us with energy, but our lifestyles are so sedentary now that we barely burn the energy. So, our body being the frugal spender, likes to save up all that extra energy as fat in our body. Is it really the fault of carbohydrates, or ours? That our lifestyles have changed to burning fewer calories and consuming more calories. That’s a debatable topic. Anyway, we’re here to solve the mystery of good carbohydrates and bad carbohydrates – to help you understand which carbohydrates are good for your health and which carbohydrates are unhealthy for you. Carbohydrates are chemical compounds that are digested by our body and absorbed into the blood stream to supply our body with energy. Now, the glycemic index or the GI is a measure of how fast carbohydrates are absorbed into the blood stream. The faster they’re absorbed, the higher the GI, and vice-versa. For most sedentary adults, foods with low GI are better. This is because when we consume high GI foods, they rapidly increase blood sugar levels. This signals our brain to store fat – So, the effect of eating high Glycemic Index foods – they can make you fat.Low GI foods, on the other hand, provide sustained energy and are better suited for sedentary lifestyles. High GI foods are sugar, corn flakes, white bread, most white rice, candy. Low GI foods are most fruits and vegetables, pulses, meat, milk and nuts (are healthy).Note that high GI foods are also useful when your body needs energy, especially for athletes, those indulging in prolonged physical activity, etc.So, whether carbohydrates are good or bad is really dependent upon your lifestyle and your needs. What we suggest is have a balanced healthy diet and be active. Go out and play a sport, run, get some exercise – this classic exercise is good for men and women, or just hit the gym. Carbohydrates aren’t the problem, it's our inactivity that is root of the “I’m getting fat” problem.

Cancer: Just Bad Luck!

Dr. Sandeep Nayak, Surgical Oncologist
"I have no bad habits, why did I get it?"A research paper published in January 2015 in a reputed journal called Science made a lot of eyebrows raise! The media across the globe quoted this paper to call cancer only to be a matter of ‘bad luck’ in a way conveying that what one does (lifestyle) just does not matter.The paper in concern was designed to understand why some tissues in the body were more prone to cancer (e.g. colon) compared to other (e.g. brain). The final interpretation of the study was that the chance of developing cancer depended on the rate at which those cells multiplied normally. For example, the cells in colon need to multiply at a very high rate when compared to brain cells, which may hardly ever multiply. This makes colon cancer much more common.  This study was not based on population study, but, based on cells in tissue culture in laboratories. They compared about 31 research papers to conclude that occurrence of cancer is more common in cells that are multiplying at high rate, just as a matter of luck. These mutations (error in copying of DNA), if not corrected by body, could lead to cancer. Error in copying does occur every day, however, they are corrected immediately. But in cells that are multiplying very fast, these changes may be missed in haste and lead to cancer formation. And this is just a matter of luck.All the lifestyle factors like smoking, alcohol, etc. contribute to cancer causation by increasing the multiplication of cells. It is proven beyond reasonable doubt that the environmental factors have a great role to play in causing cancer. The elements that increase rate of cell multiplication in various tissues include environmental factors (pollution, tobacco, etc.) or infections (hepatitis) or others. Anything that increases the rate of cell multiplication can cause cancer. However, cancer can occur in the absence of these stimuli as well and in those cases it is due to bad luck. These are mainly due to errors in DNA copying. For this reason, the strategies of cancer prevention still hold good. Though they fail to prevent or detect all cancers, they would pickup a significant number of them.  However, in the absence of these causative factors sheer bad luck leading to copying error which goes uncorrected can cause to cancer. 

Things to Be Done to Avoid Bad Breath

Dr. Rohit Kale, Dentist
More than 80 million people suffer from chronic halitosis, or bad breath. In most cases it originates from the gums and tongue.Bad breath can be very embarrassing, but it is a common condition and there are numerous ways to fight it. Following these tips can help you fight bad breath as well as keep your mouth healthy on a daily basis.Cleaning your tongue:Always make sure that you clean your tongue after brushing , you can use bristles of your brush or tongue scraper Drink lot of water:drinking water periodically will help you to stay away from bad breath Fill all the dental cavities:Dental cavities also can give you bad breath , because cavities collects lot of food particles which may decay and eventually cause bad breathThe best way to make sure that you are maintaining good oral hygiene is to visit your dentist regularly. If you have chronic bad breath, you should visit your dentist first, to rule out any dental problems. Or, if your dentist believes that the problem is caused from a systemic (internal) source such as an infection, he or she may refer you to your family physician or a specialist to help remedy the cause of the problem.Eat a piece of sugarless candy or chew sugarless gumIf you have dry mouth, try sucking on a piece of sugarless candy or chew sugarless gum to stimulate saliva flow. The saliva will help to wash away food debris and bacteria that cause bad breath.Eat lot of carrot, or an apple.Snacks of crispy, fresh fruits and vegetables step up your saliva flow between meals to help wash away bacteria from teeth, tongue and gums that can cause bad breath. These snacks can also help alleviate bad breath caused by hunger or fasting. An empty stomach from skipping meals can cause foul breath as acids in the stomach build up.Floss daily Flossing will remove food debris from in between the teeth that a toothbrush can't reach. If the food debris is not removed, the bacteria will begin to feed on it, causing bad breath.Use a mouth rinse.Keep in mind that if a dental problem is the cause of chronic bad breath, a mouth rinse will only mask the odor and not cure it. In some cases, mouth rinses may actually worsen a bad breath problem by irritating oral tissue. For an emergency freshen-up, try a quick rinse with a mix of water and a few drops of peppermint oil. Or rinse your mouth with black or green tea: according to a study by the University of Illinois at Chicago, rinsing your mouth with black or green tea suppresses the growth of bacteria that cause mouth odor.