What is OCD?
OCD is an illness which includes different symptoms in the form of obsessions and compulsions. These obsession and compulsions lead to significant dysfunction in a person’s day to day activities and relationship. Around 2-3% of the general population is suffering from this. The mean age of onset is around 20 years and in a majority of the patient (85%) it's course is continuous.
Obsession: It is defined as a recurrent and intrusive thought, image, idea, feeling, and impulse.
Compulsion: It is a repetitive behaviour in response to the obsession. These compulsions are done to relieve anxiety secondary to obsession, but it may not relieve anxiety or sometimes it may increase. If a person resists compulsion than anxiety increases.
Characteristic of obsession
- Recurrent and intrusive
- Irrational and senseless
- Ego-dystonic (unwanted behaviour)
- Against will (unable to control)
Contamination, pathological doubt, somatic, need for symmetry, aggressive and sexual one.
Checking, washing, counting, need to ask or confess, symmetry and precision, hoarding and multiple comparisons.
What to do?
If you or someone else having these symptoms, then visit a psychiatrist for treatment.
Treatment includes pharmacology and behavioural therapy (if the patient is truly committed) or both. The final decision depends on treating psychiatrist and patient acceptance.