Articles on accessory breast

Breast Reduction Surgery

Dr. Kapil Agarwal, Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon
Breast reduction, or reduction mammoplasty, is for a woman experiencing health problems and/or extreme self-consciousness associated with very large, heavy breasts. The main complains are backache, neck pain and skin rashes or itching along with difficulty in carrying large breasts. The goal is to give the woman a more attractive contour with smaller, better-shaped breasts in proportion with the rest of her body. She will then benefit from freedom of health problems associated with large breasts and an improved self-image.Medical problems associated with very large breasts include-back and neck pain caused by the excessive weight, skin irritation, skeletal deformities and breathing problems. Bra straps may leave shoulder indentations. Large, heavy breasts also contribute to poor posture, and can interfere with normal daily activities such as exercise. Excessive breast size may also lead to a decreased sense of attractiveness and self-confidence.THE PROCEDUREBreast reduction is done under general anesthesia on an outpatient basis or in the hospital. The surgery removes fat, glandular tissue, and skin from the breasts, making them smaller, lighter, and firmer. It can also reduce the size of the areola, the darker skin surrounding the nipple.Incisions are made around the pigmented nipple-areolar complex and extend vertically below the nipple and in the fold under the breast. The nipple-areolar complex is moved upward to the desired location. The incisions are covered with a light dressing.Afterward, the breasts are placed in a surgical bra that will hold them symmetrically during initial healing. Initial discomfort subsides daily and can be controlled with oral medications. Scars will fade in 6-18 months. Surgery will likely reduce, but not eliminate the ability to breast-feed.RECOVERY: WHAT TO EXPECTWhen performed by a qualified plastic surgeon, breast reduction is a safe procedure. Nevertheless, as with any surgery, there is always a possibility of complications, including bleeding, infection, or reaction to the anesthesia. Some patients develop small sores around their nipples after surgery; these can be treated with antibiotic creams. You can reduce your risks by closely following your physician’s advice both before and after surgery.Much of the swelling and bruising disappears in the first few weeks following the surgery. Breasts may appear slightly mismatched, or have unevenly positioned nipples. Their new shape will be apparent within 6 months to a year, and will depend on hormonal fluctuations, weight changes and pregnancy.Although your surgeon will make your scars as inconspicuous as possible, some permanent scarring is inevitable. Smokers are more likely to experience poor healing and wider scars. The scars will be red and lumpy in the months following the surgery, but the redness will fade and in time the scars will be less obvious.ABILITY TO BREASTFEEDBecause the surgery removes many of the milk ducts leading to the nipples, breast-feeding may no longer be an option.Some patients may experience a permanent loss of feeling in their nipples or breasts. Rarely, the nipple and areola may lose their blood supply and the tissue will die. (The nipple and areola can usually be rebuilt, however, using skin grafts from elsewhere on the body.)THE END RESULTBreast reduction produces the most dramatic results of all plastic surgeries. It ends the physical discomfort or large breasts and makes your body appear more evenly proportioned, and clothes fit better. Your new image will take some getting used to, as much as you desired the change. Give yourself—and your family and friends—time to adjust to the new you and, like most women, you will enjoy the

Are You Unhappy With the Size of Your Breast?

Dr Deepali Agarwal
Breast augmentationIt is technically known as augmentation mammaplasty, a surgical procedure to enhance the shape and size of a woman’s breast. The surgery offers you with an opportunity to improve your body contour and achieve a more proportionate figure. It helps to restore the shape and size of the breast lost due to various reasons, the most common being the result of having children.A few facts you should know about breast augmentation surgery are as follows:The length of the surgery is usually 1-2 hours.The anesthesia used is usually local anesthesia with intravenous sedation or general anesthesia.The length of the stay is usually 1-3 days.During the recovery phase , initially mild to moderate discomfort can be felt. Minimal activity for several days is advisable. You can go back to work in 3-10 days. Avoid sternous exercise for atleast 30 days.Scarring that is present is minimal which is concealed in the dark area surrounding the nipple , the crease beneath the breast and the armpit. The scars take atleast 6 weeks to fade away and are usually inconspicuous thereafter.Complications are unlikely if you are in the hands of a well trained, qualified and trained plastic surgeon.The implants used for breast augmentation are not lifelong devices and they do not age with the woman’s body with time. There is no method to predict how long the implants will maintain their softness, appearance and function but the results are successful and comparatively long lasting if done by an expert.The surgery increases the self esteem of the woman.The woman opting for the surgery are much more confident and motivated after the surgery.The studies have shown that these women are happier than they were before the procedure.

7 Reasons That Can Cause Breast Enlargement

Dr. Amar Deep, Homeopath
Causes of Breast Size Change:HormonalHormonal factors are the single most important cause of changes in a woman’s breast size over a short period of time. It can occur with or during:Menstrual cyclePubertyPregnancyUse of oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapyMenopauseGynecological diseases such as poly-cystic ovarian disease (PCOS)The female hormones causes enlargement of the milk-producing tissue in the breast and may also contribute to breast swelling by the way of temporary fluid accumulation. Hormones can also increase the fat content within the breast over the long term.InjuryTrauma to the breast causes inflammation. This increases the permeability of the blood vessels in the breast and fluid leaks out into the tissue spaces. It may be caused by :Blow to the breastRough handlingTight brassieresSurgery to the breastInflammation is a temporary process and the swelling is accompanied by pain, redness and heat over the skin. It is typically acute and resolves over a short period of time. Anti-inflammatory drugs are often effective in reducing most of the symptoms of inflammation. Usually only one breast is affected.Breast DiseaseVarious breast diseases can present with changes in breast size either through inflammation, loss or gain of fat tissue in the breast, the formation of growths and the accumulation of pus. This can affect one or both breasts. These breast diseases include :Fibrocystic breast diseaseBenign breast tumorsBreast cancerMastitis (breast infection)Breast abscessBreast cystGalactorrheaAny change in the breast size or shape has to first be investigated medically before it can be determined whether it is a physiological alteration or due to some pathology (disease). The presence of other symptoms like pain or tenderness, redness, heat, lumps, nipple discharge, changes in nipple appearance and bleeding from the breast are usually indicative of some underlying disease of the breast. However, changes in breast size without other symptoms may not mean it is not due to any disease – it is possible that it is just the first symptom and other symptoms will arise at a later stage. It should be noted though, that the breast size can change with hormonal factors that are in many cases just a normal part of life. Therefore the alteration in breast size may be innocuous and is not a symptoms of any breast disease.

Find Out More About Breast augmentation..

Dr. Aamod Rao
Breasts under go a lot of changes in time. Pregnancy and lactation often changes the shape of the breasts making it more loose or saggy. Deflated or droopy shapeless breasts is a confidence breaker.There are a wide range of definitive surgical options from implants to lifts to regain your lost confidence.Breast augmentation(breast implants) is suitable for women who perceive their breasts as being too small, either because they have never had full development of breast tissue or as a result of the loss of breast tissue that sometimes occurs after pregnancy and breast-feeding. Small breasts may also be due to massive weight loss. If breast sagging accompanies small breast volume, a breast uplift operation, Mastopexy, may be required.The enlargement can be done by either using an breast implant (silicone/saline) or by Natural breast augmentation using fat. The breast augmentation (breast implant) surgery does not usually alter breast function. Since the operation does not interfere with breast tissue, the possibility of breast-feeding after pregnancy remains unaltered. It must be remembered that not all women can breast-feed successfully anyway - the important point here being that the breast will function the same after treatment as before. There may be altered nipple sensation. Additionally, breast implants do not increase or decrease the chances of developing breast cancer. Hundreds of thousands of augmentation mammoplasties (breast implants) have been performed worldwide and there has never been any demonstrated relationship between breast implants and breast cancer or any other breast disease. Breast implant surgery usually is done on a day care basis. You can go home the same day after the breast implant surgery. Other than surgical correction - using Breast implants or the person's own body fat - there is no method that can increase the size and fullness of the breasts. Unfortunately, no amount of exercise, hormonal treatment or creams can have any noticeable effect on the dimensions of small breasts. This is why breast augmentation (breast implants) has become a very popular method of enhancing the female form. Breast augmentation (breast implants) has been successful world-wide and has helped many women attain a better figure, which in turn has made an important psychological contribution to their feelings of femininity, confidence, well-being and happiness. Physical and psychological factors are closely linked here; thus, patients are carefully assessed and guided in realising their expectations. Breast Implant Surgery is a day care procedure generally taking 45 mins to an hour unless it is combined with any other procedure like a lift. Swelling will be present for a few weeks during which a snugly fitting sports bra is encouraged. Massaging can be started within 3 weeks while taking a shower. Sexual activity can be resumed with in a month.

Advantages of Breast Feeding Your Little Boon

Dr. Jayapriya Tamilarasan, Homeopath
Holding your baby in your arms and Breast feeding that little flower gives a lot of joy in you as a mother. It creates a very powerful bond between the mom and the child, also is the strongest relationship in the world. It is really happening when you breast feed your baby, you are feeding him/her with a lot of nutrients and immunizing antibodies, which is of great consequence in their growth. Breast milk is very thin, easily digestible, tastier than any other fortified milk and baby milk products. The chance of infection in bottle fed baby is very much higher than the breast fed baby.Faqs about Breast feeding1. Breast feeding will make the mother look older due to enlarged and sagging breasts?It is not true, only she has to wear a proper fitting bra while nursing which will help from sagging of breasts. The enlarged breasts will go back to the normal size after stoppage of breast feeding.2. Breast feeding is difficult in public places ?Yes, it is difficult to feed your baby in places other than your home. But there are rooms provided separately in hospitals to encourage breast feeding, where you mostly take them for vaccination. "Mothers milk is the best source of nutrition for your baby. It is the fastest and safest available food for your precious baby" . This thought in you will remove the shyness in you and will be prepared to feed your baby in any place. Soon you will expertise in feeding your baby in a very neat way.3. Do all mothers have good secretion of breast milk ?Yes, all mothers have good secretion of breast milk. The difference is some will have small amount of secretion at the beginning which will increase while you continue to feed your baby. As the baby sucks the nipple, secretion of the hormones prolactin and oxytocin increase, which leads to the production of milk and flow of the milk through the ducts inside the breasts respectively. Drink more amount of fluids and eat well to increase the milk secretion.4. What to do when there is reduction of milk secretion ?Usually there will be fluctuation in production of milk secretion which is normal. This can be detected with the baby crying continuously even after feeding or if the baby bites the nipple or the baby's abdomen shows its not full after feeding.This can be corrected by taking certain home available cooking items like garlic, asafoetida, spinach , sugar beans, betel leaves, karpuravalli leaves. Intake of these will act as a galactagogue ( increase milk secretion). DO NOT STOP FEEDING EVEN IF MILK REDUCES.5. Will Homeopathic remedies help to increase or decrease the secretion of milk ?Yes, there are wonderfully acting homeopathic remedies available to increase milk secretion like Allium sativum, Coleus aromaticus, Asafoetida, Lactuca virosa, Alfaalfa, Urtica urens. Also to decrease or stop the secretion while weaning like Pulsatilla, Lac caninum.6. What is the proper way of feeding?Hold your baby in your arm on the side you are going to feed, Body and face turned towards you with head high and legs low. Have a pillow under your arm for support. Rest your back in a proper position. Help the baby to create a good latch with the nipple. Try to control the flow of milk by holding the area above the nipple between your index finger and the middle finger. Drink a glass of water before and after every feed.7. What not to do while feeding?Do not eat while feeding. Do not lie down and feed the baby. Do not be angry or tensed while feeding. Try to even avoid talking unnecessarily while feeding.8. What can I do while feeding?You should be very relaxed. Sing a mild beautiful song to your baby. Think about his/her growth and future. Have happy and pleasant thoughts in your mind. Hold the hand of your baby while feeding.9. What to do after breast feeding ?Hold the baby in upright position with the support of your shoulder. Gently tap at the baby's back, you will hear a burp. While making the baby to lie down after feeding, make them lie on their side, either left or right. This is to avoid aspiration of milk into baby's lungs which is dangerous.10. What are the advantages of Breast feeding?While breast feeding a hormone called oxytocin is released, Which causes uterine contractions and brings back the uterus to its pre - pregnancy size.Oxytocin is the important reason for the bonding between the mother and the baby.Areola ( i.e. the dark area around the nipple ) secretes an oil, which helps to keep the nipple and the areola clean and moist. The secretion has antimicrobial properties also, which reduce the risk of infection. Breast fed baby is free from infections causing diarrhoea, vomiting and other infections. Bottle fed babies are at higher risk of these infections. Even after infections breast fed babies will recover very fast. Infact, they fall sick fairly lesser.The first milk secretion from the breast is called colostrum. It contains all the antibodies for the immunity of the baby.Breast fed babies gains weight faster.Breast milk is easily digested by the babies intestines and passes regular and normal stools.Breast milk is more economical than other baby milk products.Breast fed baby is a healthy baby.   EVERY MOTHER IS A WONDER. BREAST FEED YOUR BABY, FEEL THE MOM IN YOU.

Pre- Breast Augmentation Preparatory Tips

Dr. Harikiran Chekuri
Fuller and firmer breasts add to your feminism. However, not all women are gifted will great breasts shapes. If you too are unsatisfied with your under-developed breasts, a breast augmentation surgery can be just right for you. Breast augmentation, like any other surgery needs a bit of preparation. Here are some very important tips that will help you to get prepared for the procedure.Check your eligibility - Before planning for breast augmentation, you must consult the doctor to check your eligibility for the surgery. Generally, this procedure is not for those who are under 22 years, smoke regularly, suffering from serious ailments, lactating mothers etc. Speak to your doctor and move on with the procedure only after you get a positive nod.Have a realistic expectation - A cosmetic surgery can obviously improve your appearance for better but it cannot change your look completely. Discuss with your doctor to know what you can expect after your breast augmentation surgery. Know about how much development you can hope to see and how long you must wait to see the complete result. Clear all your doubts about the procedure, don’t hesitate. It also becomes easier for the doctor if he is aware about the patient’s expectation. He can provide you with a more desirable result or even counsel you against dreaming of something that is impractical and unrealistic.Share your medical history with your doc - It is important that your doctor knows about your complete medical history. It is mandatory to ensure your safety and help you get a desired result. Let the doctor know all about your ailments, allergies and any chronic disease running in your family. Also tell him about any medicine that you might be taking or have taken recently. If you have been diagnosed by any serious disease, provide a complete history of it, even if you have recovered completely.Know about your diet – Ask your doctor about your dietary plan pre and post surgery. Follow the schedule that your doctor gives your. Any dietary indiscipline may lead to unwanted side-effects resulting in delayed recovery time.Get a help for yourself – Breast augmentation surgery does not pose any huge risk but still you need to get yourself a helping hand. Have a friend who can drive you after the procedure and be with you for at least 24-72 hours. You shall be under the effect of medication so will be feeling feeble. There must be someone to look after you, your diet and medication for at least a day or two till you are back on your feet.Get out from your habit of nicotine – If you are a smoker, it is important that you quit smoking at least 6 months prior to the surgery. Smoking and aesthetic surgeries doesn’t go well together and the effect of nicotine delays the recovery and may also result in side-effects.There are lots of myths associated with aesthetic surgeries, especially breast procedures. It is essential to know the facts before deciding on the procedure. Get in touch with an expert who has a lot of experience in this specific domain and let him guide you well.

Breast Implants - Myths and Reality

Dr. Priti Shukla
Beautiful breasts are those which are proportionate to rest of the body in size and have a teardrop shape with a cleavage between the breasts. Going by the sale of padded bras at any lingerie shop one can easily conclude that a lot of women  have smaller breasts than they desire. Padded bras look unnatural and solve the problem only partially . Breast implants are adopted by millions of women worldwide, to look naturally beautiful since 1960. Today it is the number one plastic surgery in the world. But are the implants safe? There are a lot of misinformation on internet about breast implants. Let's look at  the  important myths that Indian women have :1. Silicon Implants can cause breast cancer: Breast carcinoma is not related to breast implants. 2. Silicon implant  have side effects: There are no side effects on body related to breast implants.3. Breast feeding may be affected after breast implants: No , breast glands and milk production is not  affected by implants.4. Breast implants look too big and unnatural: Breast implants come in different sizes and they look and feel very natural when performed by an experienced surgeon.5. Breasts grow big by themselves with pregnancy and breastfeeding: Yes breasts do grow big under influence of hormones during pregnancy. But when woman stops breastfeeding they shrink again, and also sag . Sorry to disappoint you girls . 6. Surgery is risky: Breast implant surgery is a daycare surgery. Choose your surgeon , anaesthetist and hospital facility carefully to get a safe and beautiful outcome.

Breast Self Examination

Dr. Manpreet Singh Bindra, Oncologist
Step 1 Begin by looking at your breasts in the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips.Here's what you should look for:Breasts that are their usual size, shape, and colorBreasts that are evenly shaped without visible distortion or swellingIf you see any of the following changes, bring them to your doctor's attention:Dimpling, puckering, or bulging of the skinA nipple that has changed position or an inverted nipple (pushed inward instead of sticking out)Redness, soreness, rash, or swelling​Step 2 Now, raise your arms and look for the same changes.Step 3 While you're at the mirror, look for any signs of fluid coming out of one or both nipples (this could be a watery, milky, or yellow fluid or blood).Step 4 Next, feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few finger pads of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together. Use a circular motion, about the size of a quarter.Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side — from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast. You can begin at the nipple, moving in larger and larger circles until you reach the outer edge of the breast. You can also move your fingers up and down vertically, in rows, as if you were mowing a lawn.This up-and-down approach seems to work best for most women. Be sure to feel all the tissue from the front to the back of your breasts: for the skin and tissue just beneath, use light pressure; use medium pressure for tissue in the middle of your breasts; use firm pressure for the deep tissue in the back. When you've reached the deep tissue, you should be able to feel down to your ribcage.  Step 5 Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Many women find that the easiest way to feel their breasts is when their skin is wet and slippery, so they like to do this step in the shower. Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in step 4.Self examination at home can be helpful in early diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Breast Diseases.  In case of any finding as mentioned above, immediately visit your GP or Specialist for quick examination and diagnosis.