Tooth Pain: Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment

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What is Tooth Pain?

Tooth pain or toothache is caused when the nerve to a tooth is irritated. There are numerous causes for tooth pain. If you have a fever, earache or pain upon opening your mouth wide, you should visit a dentist immediately. If your toothache lasts for more than 2 days or is severe in nature, see a dentist as soon as possible. The majority of dental problems can be prevented by maintaining basic oral hygiene.

How Does Tooth Pain Occur?

There are several different conditions that can lead to the onset of tooth pain. They include:

  • Abscessed Tooth
  • Tooth Decay
  • Tooth Fracture
  • Infected Gums – Poor oral hygiene is the cause of infected gums. Over time, it will lead to the build-up of plaque. The bacteria will cause your gums to become red, bleed and swell up. This directly contributes to tooth pain.
  • A Damaged Filling
  • Grinding Teeth Repetitively
  • Chewing Gum Regularly
  • Pregnancy –While this sounds quite odd, pregnancy too can lead to tooth problems and tooth pain. Fluctuating hormone levels during pregnancy may lead to tooth decay and pregnancy gingivitis. This may cause immense pain.
  • Heart Problems – At times, heart problems to can give a sensation of tooth pain.

Who is Prone to Tooth Pain?

You are prone to tooth pain if:

  • You have dental infection
  • You have any gum disease
  • You have plaque
  • You have dental decay
  • You have injury
  • You have cracked teeth
  • You have poorly placed fillings or crowns
  • You have failing or leaking fillings or crowns
  • You have temporomandibular joint disorders
  • You don’t have a tooth
  • You have obstructive sleep apnea

The above mentioned conditions increase your likelihood of suffering from mild tooth pain to severe tooth pain.

What are the Symptoms of Tooth Pain? How is Tooth Pain Diagnosed?

The symptoms of tooth pain include:

  • You may feel a sharp, constant, throbbing sensation in and around one of your teeth. This pain may be caused when you apply pressure on your teeth or even under normal circumstances.
  • The area around your tooth is swollen.
  • You are experiencing a headache or a fever
  • Foul-tasting drainage is leaking from the infected tooth.

If you are experiencing the above mentioned symptoms, visit a doctor immediately to seek treatment for the same. Tooth pain is extremely uncomfortable and seeking a cure at the earliest is the best option.

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Diagnosis

To successfully diagnose tooth pain, your dentist will ask you a series of questions, obtain your medical history and conduct a physical exam. Your dentist will ask you questions about the pain, when it started, its severity, its location and what makes the pain worse. Physical examination and imaging testes are some of the usual steps that your doctor may ask to go for as the first steps.

What are the Complications of Tooth Pain?

The complications of tooth pain may include:

  • Sinusitis
  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis
  • Submandibular Space Infection
  • These complications are rare and are a result of an untreated maxillary dental infection.

What is the Treatment for Tooth Pain?

The treatment for tooth pain depends solely on the cause of its onset. If a cavity is the reason for your tooth pain, your dentist will either extract the tooth or fill the cavity. Your dentist may perform a root canal if the cause of your tooth pain is determined to be an infection. If you are suffering from fever or swelling of the jaws, your dentist may recommend a course of antibiotics.

Would you like to consult a doctor for Tooth Pain ?

Questions answered by trusted doctors

Verified User
Good evening doctor's im having severe tooth pain... which is best keterol dt or zerodol p .... untill tomorrow morning
Dr. Anupreet Kaur Choudhury
Dentist, Kolkata
Ketorol-DT,,but there are some precautions before eating any pain-killer,,consult your doctor.
Dr. Nerella Narendra kumar
Cosmetic/Aesthetic Dentist, Nellore
Ketorol Dt...... Don't delay much and consult the Dentist..... Dont take self medication
Verified User
I am taking Ketorol Dt tablets 2 at a time 3 or 4 times daily for my severe tooth pain. I want to know as I am taking it continuously since 7 days what will be its side effects for long term usage I am 20 year old Female.
Dr. Rashmi Punhani
Pediatric Dentist, Bangalore
Hey there... Please DO NOT take any pain killer just like that...it has severe side effects which will happen without your notice... Major side effect being internal stomach bleeding... You should visit a nearby dentist to get the cause of pain treated ASAP... Take care..!!!
Dr. M. R. Pujari
Dentist, Bangalore
Hi..don't take it for many days. It can cause impact on kidney. In fact any pain killer taken more than 7 days. Stop tablet and visit dentist for treatment. Regards
Dr. Govindaraj.S.J
Dental Surgeon, Bangalore
In case this is a prescribed medication, then the prescrition will definetly mention the duration. If your self medicated then you need to understand that medication are given for transitory period. Toothache requires definitive treatment and medications cannot cure it.
Dr. Gaurav Bhagra
Dentist, Delhi
Like with any NSAID group of drugs, Not advisable to take for more than 5 days, You should consult a dental health provider as first priority. The side effects of prolonged use include risk of serious stomach bleeding and other side effects. This side effect can occur without warning. Do remember take any medication at lowest effective dose for shortest possible time. Do not increase the dose , take it more frequently, or take it longer than 5 days. Hope that helps
Dr. Piyush Jain
Dentist, Bhopal
Go and visit dentist ASAP
Dr. Mukesh K Asrani
Oral Medicine and Radiology, Ahmedabad
Why are you taking Ketorol DT since so many days? Any medication taken for a long time will cause side effects. Tooth pain has a definite cause like deep decay, gum disease and many more. Visit your dentist and get the cause treated so that there is no need to take any medicines. Regards
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Did you know?

Poor oral hygiene

Poor oral hygiene may lead to conditions like infected gums.

India is one of the fastest growing dental market

India is one of the fastest growing dental markets in the world. It costs up to 5 times less to get a dental implant in India when compared with that of the United States.

The treatment for tooth pain

The treatment for tooth pain is dependent on its root cause.

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Home Remedies

Regular Brushing

Brush with a fluoride-containing toothpaste at least twice a day. Also, flossing of the teeth is also required along with regular brushing to avoid any kind of tooth decay.

Regular Visit to the Dentist

Visit a dentist at least twice a year for teeth cleaning purposes. This will help in timely diagnosis of any decay in your tooth and proper treatment accordingly.

Say No to Sweet Tooth

Eat foods low in sugar to avoid tooth decay. Erratic cravings for sweets need to be controlled in this case and always wash your mouth after every sweet meal.
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