A gynaecologist is a specialist who treats several health issues concerning female reproduction and sexual health. These health issues include cysts and tumours in the ovaries, breast, and other reproductive organs. Moreover, a gynaecologist also treats several disorders related with hormonal imbalances such as menstrual disorders, irregular menstruation, and fertility issues. Additionally, a gynaecologist can also be approached in cases of urinary tract infections, pregnancy care, and advice about contraception.
A woman must consult a gynaecologist in cases of abnormal and irregular menstruation, excessive bleeding during periods, mood swings (which can happen due to hormonal imbalance), fertility issues, for check-ups during pregnancy, pre-and post-natal care, pain in the abdomen (can be due to the cyst), and urinary tract infections.
A few important sub specialisations in gynaecology are:
Gynaecological oncologists: They are expert in treating cancer of the female reproductive system.
Reproductive endocrinologists: They provide treatment in cases of hormonal imbalances, fertility issues, and reproductive glands.
Urogynecologists: They can be consulted for problems of the urinary tract.
Maternal-foetal medicine: They primarily deal with prenatal care and high-risk pregnancies.
Normal consultation charges of a gynaecologist in Delhi range between Rs. 450/- and Rs.1,000/-. However, for treatments such as hormonal tests, hormonal therapy and in vitro fertilization, the charges vary and depend upon the duration of the treatment and the cost of medicines.
Ovarian cysts: An ovarian cyst forms on the surface of an ovary and may go away without any treatment. But in certain cases the cyst may rupture, leading to bleeding requiring help of a specialist.
Pregnancy care: A gynaecologist provides pre-natal and post-natal care and advice related to diet during and after pregnancy.
Irregular menstruation: Irregular menstruation is a common disorder in females of reproductive age, hormonal imbalance being one of the main causes. A gynaecologist can be consulted for treatment of this issue.
Infertility evaluation and treatment: Gynaecologists are routinely consulted for infertility issues. In certain cases, the treatment involves hormonal therapy while in other cases it may involve invitro fertilization therapy.
Premenstrual syndrome: It is a common disorder in which a woman feels bloating and muscle pain a few days before the menstruation. A PMS episode disturbs the mood and disrupts the emotional state of a woman for which a gynaecologist must be consulted at the earliest.