Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with ailments related to the heart as well as other parts of the circulatory system of our body. This medical field includes diagnosis as well as treatment of congenital heart defects, heart failure, valvular heart disease and coronary artery disease. Physicians who specialise in this field of medicine are known as cardiologists. Cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons are physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery.
When the general physician feels that you have a significant heart related condition, he will refer you to a cardiologist. Cardiologists help patients with heart ailments return to a full and useful life through various treatment procedures. They educate patients about the risks and prevention of heart disease. More importantly, cardiologists are involved with the treatment of heart attacks, heart failure and serious heart rhythm disturbances.
In the field of medicine, cardiologists are mainly divided into two broad categories - Adult cardiologists and paediatric cardiologists.
Adult cardiologists are adequately trained to take care of adult patients associated with various heart diseases or ailments, diagnosing the problems and providing appropriate treatment. Adult cardiologists are further divided into several categories such as Cardiac electrophysiology, Cardiogeriatrics, Echocardiography and Interventional Cardiology.
Cardiologists specialized in diagnosing and treatment of the heart-related condition in younger patients are called paediatric cardiologists.
The consultation fees of cardiologists in Chennai generally starts from Rs. 400/- and goes up to Rs. 1,000/-, the average being from Rs. 400/- to Rs. 600/-.
Top 5 services or treatments available
Cardiac Catheterization - The top diagnosis procedure offered by cardiologists, it involves placing a small tube in or near the heart to take pictures and study the working of the patient’s heart, check the electrical system or relieve heart blockage.
Aortic Surgery- It is a surgical procedure to treat an aortic aneurysm, a life-threatening condition. In this procedure, the aorta is stabilized, by stenting or vascular prostheses and preventing it from rupturing.
Bypass surgery - It is one of the most common types of heart surgeries in which blood flow is diverted around narrowed coronary arteries, re-establishing the normal blood flow.
Heart Valve treatment - This treatment procedure includes catheter-based and open surgical procedures either of which are used to re-establish normal heart valve function.
Catheter Ablation - Cardiac arrhythmias are controlled using catheter-based procedure by targeting areas of abnormal heart tissue.