1. What are the different types of Thyroid disorders?
Most common thyroid problems include:
• Hypothyroidism: Lower than normal thyroid levels
• Hyperthyroidism: Higher than normal thyroid levels
• Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland
• Goiter: An abnormally increased size of the thyroid gland (a butterfly-shaped gland located below Adam’s apple)
• Thyroid cancer: Cancer of the thyroid gland
2. What are the symptoms seen in females in case of Thyroid disorders?
Common signs and symptoms of thyroid disorders in women include:
• Dry thinning hair
• Slow heart rate
• A hoarse voice
• Feeling very tired
• Muscle or joint pain
• Dry, pale skin
• Weight gain without any reason
• Heavier than usual menstrual bleeding
• Muscle weakness
• A puffy face
• Feeling cold when people around you do not feel cold
3. What are the tests done to detect Thyroid disorders?
Tests conducted to detect thyroid disorders include TSH, T3, T4 and thyroid antibody tests. Doctors might also order a radioactive iodine uptake test, thyroid scan or ultrasound to determine the thyroid condition.
4. Which type of Thyroid disorder is fatal?
If hypothyroidism remains untreated for a long time, it can cause myxedema coma, a potentially fatal condition that needs immediate hormone treatment.
5. Are Thyroid disorders cancerous?
Yes, certain disorders of the thyroid gland, like thyroid nodules (lumps in the thyroid gland) can form malignant tumours, leading to cancer.