1. What are the symptoms of acidity?
Common symptoms of acidity include heartburn, a burning sensation in the throat or mouth which is known as regurgitation, bloating, hiccups, vomiting blood, burping and a sensation of having a morsel of food stuck in the throat known as dysphagia.
2. How is acidity diagnosed?
Diagnosis of acid reflux disease is relatively simple. If symptoms of acid reflux occur for over two weeks and relief is not obtained even through medication, it is possible that the patient suffers from acidity. Additional tests such as an endoscopy, esophagram, biopsy, esophageal pH monitoring and manometry can be done to check for the presence of abnormalities and ulceration.
3. What dietary changes can help me in the management of acidity?
Dietary changes such as eating smaller portions, eating meals 2-3 hours before bedtime, avoiding unhealthy foods and avoiding alcohol may help reduce the occurrence of acidity.
4. What are the commonly recommended methods for the treatment of acidity?
To treat acidity, dietary changes and other lifestyle modifications are extremely important and must be followed consistently. Medications such as antacids, medications to decrease production of stomach acid and medications that help strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter may be prescribed.
5. Is it possible to prevent acidity?
There are a number of known methods to prevent acidity. These include lifestyle modifications especially dietary changes and exercise as they prevent obesity which is a major risk factor for occurrence of acidity.