Who is Ophthalmologist?
Ophthalmology; a branch of medicine that deals with the management and treatment of eye disorders like cataracts, glaucoma, near sight, far sight, bulging eyes, dry eyes, and color blindness, etc. Ophthalmologists are doctors who are specialized in Opthalmology and evaluating, diagnosing, and treating eye diseases & medical conditions.
What are the qualifications of Ophthalmologists?
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be an Ophthalmologist:
- FRCS - Ophthalmology (Edin)
- Fellow of the Royal College of Ophthalmologists of UK (FRCOphth.UK)
- MS - Ophthalmology
- FAICO (Fellow of All India Collegium of Ophthalmology)
- Masters Royal College of Ophthalmologists (MRCO)
- Diplomat of the American Board of Ophthalmology
- MNAMS - Ophthalmology
- MD - Ophthalmology
- DNB - Ophthalmology
- FCPS- Ophthalmology
How often should I visit Ophthalmologist?
Individuals who are between the ages of 18 and 60 with risk factors of eye disorders should visit an Ophthalmologist once every six months. People above 61 years of age must visit an Ophthalmologist once in a year. However, depending on the diagnosis, one must consult an Ophthalmologist frequently to check the status of the health condition of the eyes.
Why should an individual consult an Ophthalmologist?
Either medications or surgery can treat or cure most of the eye disorders and diseases. So, if an individual is suffering or has been diagnosed with any of the following diseases, then he/she must visit an Ophthalmologist.
- Ocular hypertension
- Retinal detachment
- Dry eye
- Pink eyes
- Low vision
- Poor vision of eyes [Lazy eye]
- Twitching of eyelids
- Eye flashes
- Strabismus [Crossed eyes]
- Color blindness
- Bulging of eyes
- Macular degeneration
Are Ophthalmologist and Optometrist the same?
An Ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who is well trained to perform both medical and surgical interventions for eye diseases and disorders. However, Optometrist is a doctor who examines, diagnose, and treat eye conditions.
Can Ophthalmologist cure cataracts?
Yes, Ophthalmologist treats and cure many eye disorders and cataract is one among them. Through surgical intervention or medications, an Ophthalmologist can cure cataract [clouding of eyes].
Can Ophthalmologist cure color blindness?
Ophthalmologists can examine and diagnose color blindness and unfortunately, to date, there is no cure for color blindness. However, the help of contact lens and glass which comes with filters can be used to adjust the color deficiencies.
Does an Ophthalmologist perform LASIK?
Yes, ophthalmologists can perform LASIK on individuals who are suffering from eye disorders. However, before suggesting LASIK, Ophthalmologists will suggest a few tests to make sure that if LASIK is necessary for one to have good eye health.
What surgeries can be performed by an Ophthalmologist?
An ophthalmologist can perform most of the eye surgeries and few of them are:
- LASIK [Laser Assisted in situ keratomileuses]
- Diabetic retinopathy surgery
- Macular degeneration surgery
- Glaucoma surgery
- Cataract surgery
- PRK [Photorefractive keratectomy]
- Refractive lens exchange
- ReLEx SMILE [Refractive Lenticule Extraction Small Incision Lenticule Extraction]
- Ocular surgery
- Cornea replacement