Who is Oncologist?
The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer is Oncology. Medical doctors who are well trained and specialized in oncology are called oncologists. They evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients suffering from any type of cancer.
What are the qualifications of an Oncologist?
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are few of the specialties or extra qualifications required to be an Oncologist:
- DM - Hematology
- DNB - Hematology
- FRCPath - Haematology
- DM - Oncology
- Ph.D. - Medical Oncology
- DNB - Medical Oncology
- DM - Clinical Haematology
- DM - Haematology Pathology/Hematopathology
- Fellowship Programme in Orthopedic Oncology
- Fellowship in Gynaec Oncology
- MCh - Gynaecological Oncology
- DM - Medical Oncology
- Diplomate in Medical Oncology (American Board of Internal Medicine)
- Fellowship in Medical Oncology
- FRCR - Clinical Oncology
- DNB - Medical Oncology
- Junior Residency Training Program (Surgical Oncology)
- Training in Surgical Oncology (G.I. Oncology)
DNB - Surgical Gastroenterology
- MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery
- Senior Residency Training Program (Surgical Oncology)
- Fellow (Surgical Oncology)
- MCh - Oncology
- MCh - Surgical Oncology
- DNB - Surgical Oncology
- MD - Radiotherapy
- DNB - Radiotherapy
- PhD - Radiotherapy
- Diploma in Radio Therapy
- DM - Paediatric Oncology
The above qualifications are for the Orthopedic oncologist, Gynecologic oncologist, Medical oncologist, Radiation oncologist, Hematologic oncologist, Surgical oncologist, and Pediatric oncologist.
How often should I visit oncologists?
A healthy individual may visit Oncologist once in 2 years to check the presence of any cancerous cells in his/her body. A patient who is diagnosed with cancer should consult an Oncologist once in 3-4 months or as directed by the doctor.
Why should an individual consult an Oncologist?
If a person is suffering from symptoms of cancer or individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer should consult an Oncologist. Few of the diseases and medical conditions for which an individual should consult an Oncologist are:
- Bone marrow cancer
- Brain tumors
- Germ cell tumors
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- Liver cancer
- Lung cancer
- Mouth cancer
- Wilms tumor
Are Oncologists and Radiologists same?
Oncologists are doctors who diagnose and treat any type of cancer through medications, surgery, and radiation. Radiologists are doctors who diagnose and treat patient’s medical conditions using medical procedures like X-ray, MRI-scan, CT- scan, ultrasound, and medical imaging [radiology], etc. However, Radiation Oncologists can perform radiation treatment to treat cancer.
Can Oncologist cure blood cancer?
Depending on the type of blood cancer, Oncologists can plan an appropriate treatment course and helps to treat and cure blood cancer. One should follow all the instructions provided by an Oncologist.
Can Oncologist treat Lung cancer?
The uncontrollable growth of cells in the lungs is called lung cancer. These diseases can be treated by oncologists through medications, surgery, and radiation and/or chemotherapy.
What surgeries can be performed by an Oncologist?
There are 3 types of Oncologists and they are Medical oncologists, Surgical Oncologists, and Radiation Oncologists, Surgical Oncologist can perform surgery to treat and cure cancer. Few of the surgeries performed during cancer treatment are:
- Diagnostic surgery
- Preventive surgery
- Curative surgery
- Staging surgery
- Palliative surgery
- Debulking surgery
- Supportive surgery
- Restorative surgery
- Laser surgery